Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Performance, Page 74

Stereotypical and fantastic images of Africans and African Americans were the common currency for wildness in the early twentieth century white fantasy. For example, Winsor McCay draws the stereotypical African native Impy in Little Nemo (1911). In this film, McCay converts the lightning-sketch act through which he presented Nemo on the vaudeville stage into Little Nemo (1911), weaving the act of animating into the animation itself. Having done the intense labor of animation offscreen, he now performs it for the camera. Note the vaudevillian staging conventions.

The Fleischers also wove vaudevillian themes in many of their shorts. In Ko-Ko Trains 'Em (1925), Max Fleischer argues with Ko-Ko when Ko-Ko becomes jealous of Max's attention to his young ward and her dog and tries to create a circus by training animals, then fleas. The fleas escape the animated world, infecting the "real" people watching him—offering an example of the Fleischers' vaudevillian play with the boundary between the real and the animate.

Walt Disney only drew cartoons until 1928, but always performed the animator, as when he seems to struggle over a drawing in his Newman Laugh-O-Grams (1921).
Comment on this page
 

Discussion of "Performance, Page 74"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Performance, page 19 of 25 Next page on path

Related:  Labor, Page 123Performance, Page 35Introduction, Page 21Labor, Page 110Labor, Page 129Space, Page 155Space, Page 187Race, Page 247Introduction, Page 29Race, Page 230Labor, Page 96Space, Page 177Performance, Page 72Race, Page 251Performance, Page 45Conclusion, Page 291Conclusion, Page 290Space, Page 191Space, Page 165Race, Page 229Introduction, Page 2Performance, Page 52Race, Page 206Space, Page 181Introduction, Page 6Race, Page 239Performance, Page 62Conclusion, Page 274Labor, Page 109Performance, Page 42Conclusion, Page 300Conclusion, Page 268Space, Page 148Labor, Page 98Race, Page 221Space, Page 188Race, Page 231Race, Page 232Race, Page 253Race, Page 224Space, Page 163Space, Page 193Race, Page 254Introduction, Page 9Introduction, Page 18Labor, Page 97Introduction, Page 30Performance, Page 77Performance, Page 43Space, Page 183Space, Page 171Conclusion, Page 289Performance, Page 34Performance, Page 82Conclusion, Page 296Space, Page 194Performance, Page 84Space, Page 182Labor, Page 119Conclusion, Page 278Performance, Page 76Race, Page 213Space, Page 197Race, Page 258Space, Page 175Conclusion, Page 303Introduction, Page 14Labor, Page 132Introduction, Page 26Introduction, Page 20Labor, Page 88Performance, Page 60Space, Page 141Performance, Page 56Conclusion, Page 275Space, Page 143Labor, Page 102Space, Page 178Performance, Page 78Race, Page 242Space, Page 166Race, Page 252Space, Page 172Race, Page 261Performance, Page 47Race, Page 220Performance, Page 40Labor, Page 112Conclusion, Page 298Conclusion, Page 292Performance, Page 44Performance, Page 54Labor, Page 93Performance, Page 46Race, Page 225Space, Page 150Space, Page 152Labor, Page 131Space, Page 190Labor, Page 113Race, Page 219introduction-page-22Space, Page 156Space, Page 146Conclusion, Page 304Conclusion, Page 302Race, Page 248Space, Page 169Performance, Page 67Race, Page 245Conclusion, Page 284Labor, Page 128Performance, Page 50Conclusion, Page 272Space, Page 162Space, Page 189Space, Page 138Race, Page 235Performance, Page 80Labor, Page 122Labor, Page 126Race, Page 257Conclusion, Page 286Performance, Page 41Space, Page 159Space, Page 195Space, Page 184Introduction, Page 12Labor, Page 133Introduction, Page 1Race, Page 204Introduction, Page 4Introduction, Page 23Conclusion, Page 273Space, Page 137Space, Page 170Performance, Page 70Space, Page 192