Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Labor, Page 110

This Out of the Inkwell cartoon from 1927 features the continuing Fleischer character Ko-Ko the Clown, who appears to draw himself and then battle with his drawn environment—a self-referential trope in early animation in which creations were made to rebel against their makers. 

Ko-Ko travels through time to 1999, when everything is automated. Eventually, a machine creates a wife and children for  Ko-Ko, who is unwilling to settle down; his enraged wife rips the clown to shreds and tosses the fragments into Max's "real" cinematic space. Max takes the paper shreds and creates two real women, ready to clean up the day's mess by putting it all back into the inkwell. 

Early animated characters often performed a fantasy of seeming autonomy, drawn by the animators only to be punished and constrained by their "masters" for their misdeeds. This sort of rebellion was a key characteristic of the blackface minstrel. 
Comment on this page

Discussion of "Labor, Page 110"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Labor, page 9 of 21 Next page on path

Related:  Race, Page 231Space, Page 150Race, Page 232Space, Page 146Space, Page 148Performance, Page 50Race, Page 229Performance, Page 84Performance, Page 74Performance, Page 82Labor, Page 128Performance, Page 54Conclusion, Page 289Labor, Page 119Conclusion, Page 290Race, Page 206Labor, Page 88Race, Page 235Conclusion, Page 300Performance, Page 44Introduction, Page 29Conclusion, Page 304Labor, Page 133Labor, Page 113Race, Page 239Conclusion, Page 298Space, Page 193Conclusion, Page 292Race, Page 224Introduction, Page 23Labor, Page 98Space, Page 165Space, Page 170Conclusion, Page 286Space, Page 183Performance, Page 77Introduction, Page 21Race, Page 221Space, Page 187Labor, Page 96Race, Page 252Space, Page 172Race, Page 220Race, Page 225Race, Page 253Introduction, Page 6Space, Page 197Conclusion, Page 296Introduction, Page 2Performance, Page 47Space, Page 194Performance, Page 34Labor, Page 109Race, Page 251Performance, Page 72Race, Page 204Space, Page 175Labor, Page 101Race, Page 247Race, Page 258Space, Page 190Performance, Page 42Space, Page 181Race, Page 230Labor, Page 112Space, Page 155Space, Page 143Race, Page 248Conclusion, Page 273Space, Page 188Labor, Page 123Race, Page 213Performance, Page 46Space, Page 177Space, Page 178Conclusion, Page 291Race, Page 261Introduction, Page 1Conclusion, Page 303Space, Page 141Introduction, Page 14Space, Page 163Labor, Page 122Race, Page 254Performance, Page 70Space, Page 182Space, Page 162Labor, Page 132Space, Page 152Labor, Page 129Performance, Page 45Space, Page 189Performance, Page 35Space, Page 191Performance, Page 60Space, Page 138Introduction, Page 30Space, Page 184Conclusion, Page 284Introduction, Page 4Performance, Page 43Performance, Page 41Conclusion, Page 302Performance, Page 52Conclusion, Page 275Labor, Page 97Space, Page 156Conclusion, Page 278