Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Performance, Page 43

The performing animator opened up other planes of metaphysical existence through the act of drawing, and although he did not appear on stage, Emile Cohl was famous for inserting his hands into his own creations and toying with them, especially in films such as Fantasmagorie (1908) and The Hasher's Delirium (1910). (The fame of his early efforts led to Cohl moving to the United States to adapt George McManus' The Newlyweds into an animated series in 1913.

In Fantasmagorie, one of the earliest examples of fully drawn film animation, Cohl eschewed the broad performativity of his peers, but his hand does creep into the frame, manipulating and controlling his Pierrot—contributing to the emerging tradition of the hand of the animator sparring with its creations. This film, in which characters morph into various shapes, is more of stream-of-consciousness than a linear narrative.

In the 1910 short The Hasher's Delirium, a man goes to a cafe and is overwhelmed by hallucinations, perhaps brought on by drinking. The cartoon features Cohl's cutout technique, and a wide range of metamorphoses that reveal what Eisenstein called animation's "plasmaticness." The boundaries between language and image, and between one object/person and the next are all up for grabs, as animation calls the "real" into question.

The Newlyweds images courtesy of Virginia Commonwealth University Digital Collection 

Comment on this page

Discussion of "Performance, Page 43"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Performance, page 5 of 25 Next page on path

Related:  Labor, Page 128Performance, Page 47Labor, Page 122Race, Page 232Conclusion, Page 268Labor, Page 113Space, Page 178Conclusion, Page 289Performance, Page 40Performance, Page 62Labor, Page 98Space, Page 170Conclusion, Page 291Race, Page 248Labor, Page 126Race, Page 231Space, Page 197Race, Page 230Performance, Page 46Introduction, Page 23Conclusion, Page 273Space, Page 150Race, Page 247Labor, Page 109Space, Page 143Labor, Page 131Performance, Page 67Space, Page 192Space, Page 190Introduction, Page 4Performance, Page 41Conclusion, Page 274Space, Page 172Introduction, Page 21Performance, Page 34Conclusion, Page 286Race, Page 225Performance, Page 35Introduction, Page 20Conclusion, Page 300Race, Page 253Conclusion, Page 290Performance, Page 82Introduction, Page 30Race, Page 206Race, Page 221Space, Page 175Labor, Page 112Labor, Page 123Conclusion, Page 296Conclusion, Page 292Performance, Page 80Performance, Page 78Labor, Page 88Performance, Page 50Performance, Page 72Labor, Page 96Race, Page 219Race, Page 258Conclusion, Page 304Space, Page 189Labor, Page 93Space, Page 159Space, Page 188Race, Page 239Performance, Page 45Performance, Page 54Introduction, Page 1Space, Page 193Introduction, Page 6Space, Page 162Introduction, Page 12Labor, Page 133Performance, Page 74Space, Page 187Space, Page 194Performance, Page 56Space, Page 169Labor, Page 97introduction-page-22Performance, Page 42Performance, Page 84Space, Page 183Labor, Page 110Race, Page 224Space, Page 191Performance, Page 77Introduction, Page 26Conclusion, Page 272Race, Page 251Race, Page 245Space, Page 171Race, Page 235Space, Page 155Performance, Page 44Performance, Page 52Conclusion, Page 284Labor, Page 102Conclusion, Page 303Race, Page 213Conclusion, Page 302Introduction, Page 14Space, Page 137Introduction, Page 2Conclusion, Page 275Introduction, Page 9Space, Page 141Space, Page 148Labor, Page 132Conclusion, Page 298Conclusion, Page 278Performance, Page 60Space, Page 177Space, Page 163Race, Page 220Race, Page 204Space, Page 146Race, Page 254Space, Page 156Space, Page 181Race, Page 252Space, Page 182Space, Page 138Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 165Race, Page 257Race, Page 229Labor, Page 115Race, Page 261Introduction, Page 18