Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author
Labor, page 1 of 21
Previous page on path     Next page on path


You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Labor, Page 88

The Fleischer short Cartoon Factory (1924) parodies the intensive labor of animation while celebrating the Fleischers' fascination with the technologies of industrialization. It opens with Max Fleischer using an electric current to automate his pen (and torment Ko-Ko the Clown), but the device is replaced by an animated animating machine. This automated drawing device then wreaks havoc in Ko-Ko's world, so the clown turns the machine against Max, who then has to resist Ko-Ko's takeover of a rapidly fragmenting multi-dimensional space created by the machinery of/within the cartoon.

This sort of a struggle between producer and product was replayed over and over again in early American cartoons. It  underlined a fantastical performative relationship that was grounded in the tedious labor of animation.

Comment on this page

Discussion of "Labor, Page 88"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Labor, page 1 of 21 Next page on path

Related:  Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 175Labor, Page 109Race, Page 224Labor, Page 122Conclusion, Page 304Space, Page 141Space, Page 165Space, Page 194Conclusion, Page 289Performance, Page 77Race, Page 254Performance, Page 82Labor, Page 96Space, Page 187Performance, Page 35Space, Page 193Race, Page 253Space, Page 170Performance, Page 45Race, Page 230Space, Page 162Performance, Page 47Race, Page 229Space, Page 177Introduction, Page 14Space, Page 155Performance, Page 76Race, Page 235Race, Page 206Performance, Page 50Race, Page 258Space, Page 148Conclusion, Page 290Conclusion, Page 292Conclusion, Page 298Performance, Page 52Performance, Page 74Race, Page 225Space, Page 197Labor, Page 110Space, Page 156Conclusion, Page 291Race, Page 232Space, Page 146Introduction, Page 2Space, Page 182Introduction, Page 6Race, Page 252Race, Page 242Space, Page 172Performance, Page 42Labor, Page 113Performance, Page 34Labor, Page 123Space, Page 190Labor, Page 129Space, Page 181Space, Page 150Race, Page 231Race, Page 247Labor, Page 101Space, Page 195Race, Page 204Labor, Page 98Conclusion, Page 296Race, Page 220Labor, Page 128Labor, Page 112Race, Page 248Space, Page 152Conclusion, Page 286Space, Page 159Conclusion, Page 302Race, Page 221Race, Page 239Performance, Page 54Labor, Page 102Performance, Page 84Space, Page 178Labor, Page 133Labor, Page 119Labor, Page 132Performance, Page 70Space, Page 143Performance, Page 72Performance, Page 44Space, Page 138Conclusion, Page 268Race, Page 251Space, Page 189Space, Page 169Space, Page 188Performance, Page 46Space, Page 163Introduction, Page 30Introduction, Page 21Race, Page 261Introduction, Page 4Conclusion, Page 278Conclusion, Page 303Race, Page 213Performance, Page 41Labor, Page 93Conclusion, Page 300Performance, Page 60Space, Page 166Space, Page 183Labor, Page 97Conclusion, Page 275Space, Page 191Conclusion, Page 284Space, Page 184Performance, Page 43Introduction, Page 1Introduction, Page 23Conclusion, Page 273