Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Performance, Page 84

Animation piecework was an exhausting job, and by the end of the 1930s, the animators completing the actual labor of animation organized unions, seeking labor reforms within the industry. One complaint was a lack of credit. While their producers and directors were often named in credit sequence, animators were left to do the grunt work in anonymity—like the brooms in the famous Sorcerer's Apprentice sequence from Fantasia (1940).

From its inception, American commercial animation self-reflexively performed its own labor. The Van Beuren short Makin 'Em Move (1931) is a good example, bringing the fantastic body of the cartoon minstrel together with a fantasy of cartoons produced by cartoons for cartoons. Here, the minstrel as the fantastic embodiment of labor is made literal in the comic performance of what appears to be sweatshop working conditions. Note that the cartoon animators produce degraded versions of themselves, mere stick figures who perform a tired melodrama.
Comment on this page
 

Discussion of "Performance, Page 84"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Performance, page 25 of 25 Path end, continue

Related:  Space, Page 181Race, Page 225Space, Page 175Space, Page 141Conclusion, Page 289Space, Page 183Space, Page 188Space, Page 178Introduction, Page 23Space, Page 155Performance, Page 72Race, Page 224Labor, Page 122Labor, Page 133Race, Page 252Performance, Page 43Race, Page 232Labor, Page 132Performance, Page 47Race, Page 206Space, Page 177Space, Page 165Performance, Page 50Labor, Page 119Conclusion, Page 292Race, Page 230Race, Page 204Space, Page 150Labor, Page 123Race, Page 239Performance, Page 45Race, Page 220Introduction, Page 14Introduction, Page 2Performance, Page 52Race, Page 247Performance, Page 74Race, Page 229Introduction, Page 29Race, Page 254Race, Page 221Conclusion, Page 300Race, Page 248Race, Page 253Space, Page 172Labor, Page 101Labor, Page 129Space, Page 182Introduction, Page 6Labor, Page 98Labor, Page 113Introduction, Page 21Space, Page 189Space, Page 190Space, Page 194Performance, Page 82Space, Page 195Space, Page 162Conclusion, Page 290Race, Page 231Labor, Page 88Race, Page 261Space, Page 148Performance, Page 35Space, Page 146Performance, Page 77Space, Page 137Race, Page 235Labor, Page 128Conclusion, Page 286Race, Page 251Conclusion, Page 302Performance, Page 46Space, Page 193Space, Page 138Conclusion, Page 291Space, Page 184Space, Page 197Introduction, Page 1Conclusion, Page 304Space, Page 152Race, Page 258Race, Page 213Performance, Page 34Labor, Page 109Space, Page 187Conclusion, Page 278Labor, Page 110Space, Page 170Space, Page 191Conclusion, Page 284Conclusion, Page 303Labor, Page 112Introduction, Page 30Conclusion, Page 275Performance, Page 42Performance, Page 60Performance, Page 54Conclusion, Page 296Space, Page 143Conclusion, Page 298Performance, Page 70Space, Page 163Race, Page 219Performance, Page 41Space, Page 171Introduction, Page 4Performance, Page 44Labor, Page 131Conclusion, Page 273