Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Performance, Page 84

Animation piecework was an exhausting job, and by the end of the 1930s, the animators completing the actual labor of animation organized unions, seeking labor reforms within the industry. One complaint was a lack of credit. While their producers and directors were often named in credit sequence, animators were left to do the grunt work in anonymity—like the brooms in the famous Sorcerer's Apprentice sequence from Fantasia (1940).

From its inception, American commercial animation self-reflexively performed its own labor. The Van Beuren short Makin 'Em Move (1931) is a good example, bringing the fantastic body of the cartoon minstrel together with a fantasy of cartoons produced by cartoons for cartoons. Here, the minstrel as the fantastic embodiment of labor is made literal in the comic performance of what appears to be sweatshop working conditions. Note that the cartoon animators produce degraded versions of themselves, mere stick figures who perform a tired melodrama.
Comment on this page
 

Discussion of "Performance, Page 84"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Performance, page 25 of 25 Path end, continue

Related:  Space, Page 184Race, Page 235Space, Page 188Space, Page 148Race, Page 220Space, Page 194Race, Page 232Conclusion, Page 298Race, Page 252Race, Page 221Labor, Page 128Race, Page 219Race, Page 206Space, Page 195Labor, Page 109Labor, Page 129Labor, Page 133Race, Page 251Performance, Page 74Performance, Page 42Race, Page 225Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 189Space, Page 182Labor, Page 113Space, Page 150Performance, Page 34Performance, Page 47Race, Page 231Conclusion, Page 289Race, Page 224Conclusion, Page 291Conclusion, Page 296Performance, Page 72Performance, Page 52Labor, Page 123Race, Page 258Introduction, Page 23Space, Page 172Conclusion, Page 290Labor, Page 98Space, Page 197Race, Page 204Space, Page 190Conclusion, Page 300Space, Page 181Conclusion, Page 292Conclusion, Page 286Introduction, Page 2Performance, Page 54Space, Page 177Performance, Page 50Race, Page 248Conclusion, Page 278Performance, Page 35Performance, Page 82Race, Page 261Race, Page 230Space, Page 138Space, Page 175Space, Page 141Space, Page 163Labor, Page 132Labor, Page 88Race, Page 229Labor, Page 112Race, Page 239Introduction, Page 14Race, Page 247Space, Page 146Space, Page 170Labor, Page 119Race, Page 253Space, Page 165Space, Page 187Performance, Page 44Introduction, Page 6Space, Page 178Space, Page 162Conclusion, Page 302Introduction, Page 1Performance, Page 46Space, Page 183Space, Page 191Conclusion, Page 275Conclusion, Page 284Space, Page 193Labor, Page 101Labor, Page 122Space, Page 155Race, Page 213Performance, Page 60Introduction, Page 21Space, Page 152Performance, Page 70Conclusion, Page 303Labor, Page 110Introduction, Page 30Performance, Page 77Performance, Page 45Space, Page 171Performance, Page 43Labor, Page 131Conclusion, Page 304Race, Page 254Introduction, Page 4Space, Page 143Conclusion, Page 273Space, Page 137Performance, Page 41