Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Performance, Page 84

Animation piecework was an exhausting job, and by the end of the 1930s, the animators completing the actual labor of animation organized unions, seeking labor reforms within the industry. One complaint was a lack of credit. While their producers and directors were often named in credit sequence, animators were left to do the grunt work in anonymity—like the brooms in the famous Sorcerer's Apprentice sequence from Fantasia (1940).

From its inception, American commercial animation self-reflexively performed its own labor. The Van Beuren short Makin 'Em Move (1931) is a good example, bringing the fantastic body of the cartoon minstrel together with a fantasy of cartoons produced by cartoons for cartoons. Here, the minstrel as the fantastic embodiment of labor is made literal in the comic performance of what appears to be sweatshop working conditions. Note that the cartoon animators produce degraded versions of themselves, mere stick figures who perform a tired melodrama.
Comment on this page

Discussion of "Performance, Page 84"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Performance, page 25 of 25 Path end, continue

Related:  Space, Page 187Conclusion, Page 296Performance, Page 50Conclusion, Page 300Race, Page 225Space, Page 148Race, Page 251Labor, Page 122Introduction, Page 6Race, Page 261Race, Page 231Performance, Page 54Race, Page 235Space, Page 193Performance, Page 82Race, Page 224Conclusion, Page 298Space, Page 181Conclusion, Page 291Race, Page 252Conclusion, Page 284Space, Page 178Performance, Page 41Race, Page 220Space, Page 182Conclusion, Page 302Conclusion, Page 273Introduction, Page 1Introduction, Page 2Space, Page 172Race, Page 232Labor, Page 98Labor, Page 133Space, Page 190Race, Page 239Space, Page 191Performance, Page 44Space, Page 165Labor, Page 113Conclusion, Page 286Labor, Page 110Labor, Page 132Performance, Page 77Space, Page 152Space, Page 177Space, Page 155Race, Page 229Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 175Labor, Page 131Race, Page 258Space, Page 146Labor, Page 109Performance, Page 72Performance, Page 45Space, Page 195Space, Page 183Conclusion, Page 292Conclusion, Page 303Space, Page 143Performance, Page 34Space, Page 188Race, Page 247Introduction, Page 14Space, Page 150Race, Page 206Space, Page 194Space, Page 197Performance, Page 46Labor, Page 128Introduction, Page 4Performance, Page 74Race, Page 230Labor, Page 112Race, Page 221Conclusion, Page 304Race, Page 253Performance, Page 47Space, Page 138Race, Page 204Race, Page 213Space, Page 163Labor, Page 119Labor, Page 88Labor, Page 101Labor, Page 123Performance, Page 70Introduction, Page 21Conclusion, Page 289Race, Page 219Space, Page 162Space, Page 170Performance, Page 42Conclusion, Page 290Performance, Page 52Space, Page 171Race, Page 248Introduction, Page 23Performance, Page 60Performance, Page 43Space, Page 189Introduction, Page 30Space, Page 141Labor, Page 129Race, Page 254Space, Page 184Space, Page 137Performance, Page 35Conclusion, Page 278Conclusion, Page 275