Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Labor, Page 101

Created by the Fleischer brothers, the role of an "in-betweener" was to fill in the intermediate action between two drawings created by a lead animator. This job required that the artist be able to reproduce the lead animator's style (often the house style). The commercial animation industry required that different artists be able to draw in a consistent, coherent style. This fundamental convention became so established that it was later mocked in cartoons such as Duck Amuck (1953), which disrupts the enclosure of the animated world by self-reflexively breaking the fourth wall, having Daffy entreat the audience to save him from a sadistic animator, who turns out to be fellow character Bugs Bunny.

Comment on this page

Discussion of "Labor, Page 101"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Labor, page 6 of 21 Next page on path

Related:  Space, Page 182Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 152Conclusion, Page 286Race, Page 251Space, Page 162Performance, Page 50Race, Page 254Performance, Page 47Race, Page 235Space, Page 194Performance, Page 84Race, Page 252Conclusion, Page 300Race, Page 261Introduction, Page 21Conclusion, Page 291Conclusion, Page 302Conclusion, Page 304Race, Page 239Space, Page 197Labor, Page 88Race, Page 220Introduction, Page 2Race, Page 253Conclusion, Page 292Race, Page 204Space, Page 172Labor, Page 122Race, Page 229Race, Page 206Space, Page 184Conclusion, Page 298Introduction, Page 6Race, Page 225Race, Page 258Space, Page 188Labor, Page 109Labor, Page 133Labor, Page 98Labor, Page 113Labor, Page 128Space, Page 177Space, Page 187Space, Page 175Space, Page 138Space, Page 155Space, Page 148Space, Page 165Race, Page 232Conclusion, Page 296Space, Page 150Race, Page 231Race, Page 230Space, Page 143Labor, Page 123Space, Page 193Space, Page 181Performance, Page 82Labor, Page 132Race, Page 221Labor, Page 112Race, Page 224Labor, Page 110Race, Page 248Labor, Page 129Space, Page 190Space, Page 178Performance, Page 54Space, Page 189Introduction, Page 14Conclusion, Page 290Space, Page 146Performance, Page 46Labor, Page 119Performance, Page 70Performance, Page 72Conclusion, Page 289Space, Page 141Race, Page 247