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Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author
Race, page 17 of 25


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Race, Page 247

In Little Nemo (1911) Flip demands the attention of the viewer, while the intruding animator's hand repeatedly inserts itself into the scene.

Tropes such as these in early animation gesture to the history of lightning-sketch performing animators, while breaking the illusion of a contained, animated world and reminding viewers that the cartoon is indeed handmade.
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