Sign in or register
for additional privileges

Birth of An Industry: Blackface Minstrelsy and the Rise of American Animation

Nicholas Sammond, Author

You appear to be using an older verion of Internet Explorer. For the best experience please upgrade your IE version or switch to a another web browser.

Labor, Page 110

This Out of the Inkwell cartoon from 1927 features the continuing Fleischer character Ko-Ko the Clown, who appears to draw himself and then battle with his drawn environment—a self-referential trope in early animation in which creations were made to rebel against their makers. 

Ko-Ko travels through time to 1999, when everything is automated. Eventually, a machine creates a wife and children for  Ko-Ko, who is unwilling to settle down; his enraged wife rips the clown to shreds and tosses the fragments into Max's "real" cinematic space. Max takes the paper shreds and creates two real women, ready to clean up the day's mess by putting it all back into the inkwell. 

Early animated characters often performed a fantasy of seeming autonomy, drawn by the animators only to be punished and constrained by their "masters" for their misdeeds. This sort of rebellion was a key characteristic of the blackface minstrel. 
Comment on this page

Discussion of "Labor, Page 110"

Add your voice to this discussion.

Checking your signed in status ...

Previous page on path Labor, page 9 of 21 Next page on path

Related:  Conclusion, Page 300Race, Page 232Performance, Page 77Performance, Page 70Conclusion, Page 291Conclusion, Page 284Space, Page 182Conclusion, Page 298Race, Page 221Race, Page 235Space, Page 190Race, Page 253Performance, Page 34Performance, Page 54Performance, Page 84Conclusion, Page 289Introduction, Page 2Performance, Page 52Space, Page 146Race, Page 206Labor, Page 88Space, Page 141Performance, Page 45Race, Page 220Conclusion, Page 286Performance, Page 74Race, Page 239Race, Page 231Conclusion, Page 302Space, Page 193Performance, Page 42Performance, Page 35Labor, Page 98Conclusion, Page 303Space, Page 172Labor, Page 122Space, Page 148Space, Page 178Performance, Page 82Race, Page 247Space, Page 156Space, Page 181Introduction, Page 23Performance, Page 47Space, Page 177Labor, Page 109Race, Page 230Space, Page 165Labor, Page 113Labor, Page 123Race, Page 251Performance, Page 50Space, Page 143Introduction, Page 29Space, Page 155Race, Page 225Space, Page 188Race, Page 252Space, Page 175Space, Page 187Labor, Page 128Labor, Page 101Conclusion, Page 290Race, Page 261Space, Page 152Race, Page 258Labor, Page 132Conclusion, Page 292Performance, Page 46Race, Page 224Race, Page 204Labor, Page 96Introduction, Page 1Labor, Page 97Space, Page 194Space, Page 162Space, Page 138Space, Page 150Race, Page 248Introduction, Page 6Labor, Page 112Performance, Page 60Conclusion, Page 296Labor, Page 133Space, Page 197Labor, Page 129Race, Page 254Introduction, Page 14Space, Page 163Race, Page 213Performance, Page 72Conclusion, Page 304Space, Page 189Conclusion, Page 273Labor, Page 119Introduction, Page 30Race, Page 229Introduction, Page 21Conclusion, Page 278Space, Page 183Performance, Page 44Performance, Page 41Performance, Page 43Space, Page 191Introduction, Page 4Space, Page 184Space, Page 170Conclusion, Page 275