These artists structure their work in the more traditional format of a song, using the standard arrangement of a refrain and verses to discuss their themes.
-Les Levine, "Would Not Say No to Some Help"
-Hannah Wilke, "Stand Up"
-Thomas Shannon, "Smashing Beauty"
Rather than using music, these artists record discussions, commentary, and even their own musings on their tracks. This format further stretches the conventional definition of art, by using recordings of people talking as art in an exhibit.
-SITE, "Comments on SITE"
-Joseph Beuys, "Excerpt from Cooper Union Dialogue"
-Conrad Atkinson, "The Louis XIV Deterrent"
-Todd Siler, "Think Twice"
-R. Buckminster Fuller, "Critical Path"
-Edwin Schlossberg, "Vibrations/Metaphors"
-Chris Burden, "The Atomic Alphabet"
-Eleanor Antin, "Antinova Remembers"
-Margaret Harrison, "First Lines"
-Komar and Melamid, "Russian language lesson"
-Helen Mayer Harrison/Newton Harrison, "Extract from the Second Lagoon: A Memoriam to John Isaacs"
Experimenting with technology/methods of sound recording/phonetics
In keeping with a popular theme of the 1980s, these artists use various recording technologies to explore their themes and often explore phonetics as well. Many use unconventional items to make music, such as David Smyth's typewriters, while others use new technology to manipulate recorded sound, such as Kowalski's 'Time Machine.'
-Terry Fox, "Internal Sound"
-Douglas Davis, "How to Make Love a Sound"
-Kowalski and Burroughs, "You only call the old doctor once"
-David Smyth, "Typewriter in D"
-Ida Applebroog, "Really, Is that a Fact?"
-Jud Fine, "Polynesian/Polyhedron"
-Vincenzo Agnetti, "Pieces of Sound"