Sailing the British Empire : The Voyages of The Clarence, 1858-73

Future Impact

Being one of the most destructive storms in all of history, the Calcutta Cyclone of 1864 created a monumental and lasting impact on Calcutta and the meteorological industry as a whole.

As an immediate result of the storm, a new order was given in Calcutta for ships to strike their topgallant, or tallest, masts during the regular cyclone months. The picture below demonstrates this order in action, as each of these ships have their topgallant masts lowered. 

In addition to immediate impacts such as that, this catastrophic cyclone went on to have far greater and longstanding influences as well. This cyclone in particular was one of, if not the biggest driving factor behind the creation of the Indian Meteorological Department, founded in 1875. The people behind this department saw the results of this storm and wanted to take any measure possible to potentially prevent or lessen the calamity of such an event. As shown in the pictures below, taken from the department's Handbook of Cyclonic Storms in the Bay of Bengal, the IMD began to almost immediately start tracking and analyzing the various aspects of proceeding storms. 

1.  Lubbock, Basil. The Blackwall Frigates,. Glasgow: J. Brown & Son, 1922.
2.  "History of Meteorology in India." History of Meteorology in India. Web. 2 Dec. 2015. 
3.  Eliot, John. Handbook of Cyclonic Storms in the Bay of Bengal for the Use of Sailors. Second ed. Calcutta: Meteorological Department of the Government of India, 1900. Print. 

This page has paths:

This page references: