Within the overarching theoretical framework of narratology, the base for examination of the creative artifacts for meaning-making lies in N. Katherine Hayles’s 2002 media-specific analysis (MSA), which facilitates analysis of the materiality of the multimodal texts, and how that materiality shapes the resulting narrative. This MSA includes semiotic analysis of visual grammar and design (Kress & van Leeuwen 2006), of hyperstructures such as navigation and interactivity (Ryan 2006; Bouchardon & Heckman 2012), and of source code (Marino 2006; Montfort 2003, 2011). This approach is applicable not only to a digital work as displayed, in order to examine the effects of digital media upon the works themselves, but also source code, in order to discuss aspects of process and composition.
Clearly, the theories identified here are applicable to a specific project, an investigation into how shifting to digital writing affects a creative writer's process and narrative. Research projects should employ a base of theoretical research appropriate to the area in question in both their research design and post-textual analysis.