Star of the Sea: A Postcolonial/Postmodern Voyage into the Irish FamineMain MenuAbout This ProjectStar of the Sea OverviewJoseph O'ConnorIn this section, you will learn more about Joseph O'Connor and the other works he producedPostcolonial TheoryPostmodernismThe Gothic in Star of the SeaHistorical FiguresLanguage and Music in Irish CultureBiology of the FamineLandlords, Tenants, and EvictionsIn the following pages, you'll learn about landlords, tenants, and evictions during the Irish Potato FamineGovernment Policies and EmigrationMediaMemorialsContributorsBrief biographies of the people who made this book.
12016-03-14T13:10:55-07:00Derek James Rachelcbc6d3750c34eae14276006650feaeb25fa860f982201Miller, Kerby A. “Emigration to North America in the Era of the Great Famine, 1845-55."Atlas of the Great Irish Famine. Ed. John Crowley, William J. Smyth, and Mike Murphy. New York: New York University Press, 2012. Printplain2016-03-14T13:10:55-07:00Derek James Rachelcbc6d3750c34eae14276006650feaeb25fa860f9
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1media/Mountains background.jpg2016-02-17T12:53:27-08:00Boston: The Cradle of Emigrant Liberty18plain2016-04-18T08:30:51-07:00Boston was one of the quickest cities to hold meetings and start fundraisers collecting donations for the famine victims. They were shocked by the treatment of the Irish and therefore wanted to help them. According to Edward Laxton: “Boston had only a tenth of New York’s direct traffic but its Irish population was swollen by the masses coming from Canada” (Laxton 27). It was a viable option to end up in Boston because it was close to other major cities, but it was also in a close proximity to Canada’s border. Due to the American Passenger Acts, Irish emigrants could not always afford the expensive fares and therefore travelled to Canada. But from Canada there were several options to getting to cities like Boston, therefore solving the problem.
1847 was one of the busiest years when it came to emigration, and this was noticed through the 37,000 immigrants received by Boston and thereby “increasing its population by one third, and straining its housing, medical and charitable resources to breaking point” (Gray, The Irish Famine 109). This strain on the Boston resources severely affected the view on the arrival of Irish emigrants. While the city was prepared to receive this large number of immigrants, they were not fully prepared for this large wave. Therefore, their resources were partly depleted and they had to find different ways of supporting the immigrants.
With the large wave of immigrants, there were not enough jobs available in Boston, and that caused problems for the Irish. Many of the emigrants were already weak from being exposed to starvation and disease, but they still needed jobs in order to be able to eat. Because Boston’s seaport resources were being strained by the overflow of immigrants, “the Famine Irish were disproportionately concentrated in the lowest-paid, least-skilled, and most insecure and dangerous jobs” (Miller, “Emigration” 224). These jobs were all the Irish could get, and therefore they were forced to accept anything to put food on the table. In most cases, at least it was better than what they had experienced in Ireland.
Due to the difficulty in finding jobs and substandard housing with sanitation, diseases greatly spread through the streets of Boston. Most people drifted towards the unsanitary slums to escape life on the port, but ended up living in horrible health conditions. However, in the slums, the child mortality became an even bigger problem. According to Helen Litton, 61 percent of children died during this time, and this became even worse the more immigrants arrived (108). These numbers are concerning because the Irish immigrants came to places like Boston to save their family and escape the famine. However, when people were in such close proximity to each other, they could not escape the possibility of death. Despite these facts, cities like Boston became a place where the Irish could experience a life away from famine, in a city known as “the cradle of liberty”.
Works Cited Gray, Peter. The Irish Famine. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 2995. Print.
Laxton, Edward. The Famine Ships: The Irish Exodus to America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1996. Print.
Litton, Helen. The Irish Famine: An Illustrated History. Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 1994. Print.
Miller, Kerby A. “Emigration to North America in the Era of the Great Famine, 1845-55.” Atlas of the Great Irish Famine. Ed. John Crowley, William J. Smyth, and Mike Murphy. New York: New York University Press, 2012. Print.
Researcher/Writer: Ellen-Marie Pedersen Technical Designers: Derek Rachel and Amanda Lundeen