acutely sensitive to the powerful effects of envelopment that come from actually entering Roman spaces” (Pinto 2012, 111). cupola similar to those of the Pantheon, whose interior Piranesi depicts with sunlight falling at a similar angle. The portrait orientation of this image—uncommon in the Vedute di Roma—emphasizes the building’s height. The arch in the foreground almost frames the interior space symmetrically, with the light that is cast on its right side effacing the visual balance on each side of the image. It is as if we are stumbling upon this evenly framed interior space rather than studiously composing a symmetrical view. In the image’s caption, another shadow yields different effects through trompe-l’œil that speak to Piranesi’s combinations of image and text.
In other engravings of ancient structures, he attempts to date similar interventions to the “low times” or “tempi bassi” by using building materials as evidence. In the caption to the above image, the visual presentation of this phrase suggests his disdain for this period. Two fragments of a fluted column and other thick blocks of stone hover over the caption, casting a shadow between Piranesi’s words in ways that seem to collaborate with his text.
Throughout his works, fragments function in different ways, as documents in archaeological study or, alternatively, as metaphors in his visionary creations (Pinto 2012, 143). Here, they seem to function grammatically, almost as punctuation. The shadow creates a division between the view’s long title, separating the shorter, independent phrase “Veduta interna del Tempio della Tosse” from its continuation after the shadow, “costruito di mattoni e di tufi.” The text corresponding to “A” is likewise divided between “Muri co’ quali erano state riturate le finestre” and the historical designation “ne ’tempi bassi.” It is also worth noting that the careful recreation of the material surface on the lower right of the imagethe bricks and tufa that are noted but not specifically labelled in the captionmakes visual evidence so prominent that it seems to need no dedicated annotation (Pinto 2012, 106-7). In this verbal caption’s visual composition, image and text collaborate, in the seemingly casual placement of a shadow, so as to further separate Piranesi’s efforts to analyze and historicize, based on material evidence, from the persistent legends of the “low” times. (JB)
To see this image in the Vedute di Roma, volume 17 of Piranesi’s Opere, click here.