Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Social Media: (But Were Too Afraid to Ask)Main MenuIntroductionDefining Social MediaHistory and Different Types of Social MediaSocial media history and the different typesProfessional Benefits of Social MediaThe connection between social media and someone's profession is larger than ever. This connection has lead to new benefits for both people and their professions.The Risk of Social MediaProblems that you may encounter when online.Viral TrendsAn overview of technology/internet content, and how it spreadsSocial Movements and the Politics Around ItResearching social movements in America and the effects they have on politics.Money and Social MediaHow different social media platforms make money off of their users and how users can make money through social media.I am the LawLaws and Court Cases related to Social Media, Civil, Criminal, Terms of ServiceAuthor BiographiesBiographies of all the individual authors that contributed to this project.David Squiresc613f45970ae89ef70516076df94370392b06674Digital Technology & Culture
12016-10-16T18:51:14-07:00Keith Hillaireb603626e25147ba7691e0b1f80bf629f7dd9108eI am the LawDavid Squires5Laws and Court Cases related to Social Media, Civil, Criminal, Terms of Serviceplain2016-10-21T10:10:46-07:00David Squiresc613f45970ae89ef70516076df94370392b06674
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act was added to title 18 of the United States Code in 1986. Though the law mostly pertains to those who would use a computer to steal classified information from any department in the United States government in order to cause injury to the United States, it also makes illegal the use of any computer without authorization of the owner of the computer that causes any harm to anything, and using a computer to defraud someone across state lines. The CFAA has been tried in court in its relation to social media. Lori Drew was charged for bullying a girl, Megan Meier, on the social media site myspace till Meier killed herself. This prompted many states to write criminal codes that made cyber bullying illegal. The court case is most notable for its ruling that a breach of Terms of Service on a website does not constitute unauthorized access and as therefore does not fall under the jurisdiction of the CFAA.
Cyberstalking and Cyberharassment
Cyberstalking and cyberharassment are terms used almost interchangeably. United States Code title 18, section 875, defines cyberstalking and/or cyberharassment as "Whoever transmits in interstate or foreign commerce in any communications containing any threat to kidnap any person or any threat to injure the person of another."
Forty five states have adopted similar laws for online threat making, such was Washington State code title 9, chapter 61, section 260, which defines cyberstalking specific as using a computer "with intent to harass, intimidate, torment, or embarrass any other person..."
In 2016, David Matusiewicz, his sister Amy Gonzalez, and his mother Lenore, were sentenced to life in prison for cyberstalking the man's exwife, which led to the exwife's murder. The case is considered a major game changer in how cyberstalking laws are held up in court. Matusiewicz, his sister and mother, used fake social media accounts to harass, monitor, and spread misinformation about Matusiewicz's exwife.
Also in 2016, Michael Daniel Rubens was sentenced to 10 years in prison for using social media accounts to harass young women.
Child pornography is defined in title 18 section 2251 of the United States code as a visual depiction of a minor commiting sexually explicit conduct. Sexual explicit conduct is not limited to sexual activity. Anytime the internet is used to posses or transmit child pornography, the federal government has jurisdiction.