Paradoxes & Praxis: The 21st Century Imperative for Educational Foundations

Reading Difficult Texts

Contents         Writing Tips     Who to Read?




(factual) Reading




(implied) Reading


Philosophical (or theoretical) Reading




(response) Reading




(action) Reading


What is the author literally saying?




Stick to the facts of the text.




Look up words and concepts you don’t know


What is the author saying indirectly, figuratively metaphorically?




Look at structure, examples, word choice, argument.


What are the author’s assumptions?




What is the author’s perspective?




How does the text connect to philosophical traditions, turns, developments?


What is your interpretation?




Use examples from the text to support your claims.


What actions are appropriate given the text?




How does the author inspire you?