The seven characteristics are as follows:
- Space as time (the essential move of comics to use physical space on the page to represent temporality),
- Simultaneous juxtaposition of images,
- Closure between images (Scott McCloud’s term for the phenomenon in which readers fill in gaps of meaning across panels),
- Spatial networks (the way in which the layout of the page is a complex and non-linear system),
- Reader control of pacing,
- Tablodic images (which is a term of Goodbrey’s derived from the concept of the tableau in theatre or photography, which he defines as “deliberately composed, framed and illustrated to represent key moments of narrative meaning”), and finally,
- Word/image blending.