Petroleum, Refineries, and the Future

An Overview of Environmental Justice

In some cases of environmental racism and injustice, justice has been eventually served. According to the United States Environmental protection Agency, “Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies” (Environmental Protection Agency). According to Robert D. Bullard, “the 1990s saw the environmental justice movement become a unifying theme across race, class, gender, age, and geographic lines” (1). He goes on to say that, “today, millions of Americans, ranging from constitutional scholars to lay grassroots activists, recognize that environmental discrimination is unfair, unethical, and immoral” (2). At the same time, many individuals and organizations have been fighting for environmental justice in less developed countries since the 1990s. A prime example of this is the plight of Ken-Saro-Wiwa and his Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP). Bullard goes on to state , “the environmental justice movement has continued to make its mark in the twenty-first century” (11).

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