Performing ArchiveMain MenuVisualizing the “Vanishing Race”: the photogravures of Edward S. CurtisFront Page for Visualizing the "Vanishing Race" pathCurtis' Image and Life: The Network of The North American Indian, Inc.An experiment with data visualization approach to understand and contextualize Curtis' images and his lifeMedia, Technology and MediationsCurtis's Technology, Relationships to Media and StyleContextualizing Curtis, The North American Indian, and Racethe collection of essays from the contributorsConsulting with Tribes as Part of Archive DevelopmentIntroduction to Consulting with Tribes by Ulia GosartContributing ArchivesInformation on how to participate in Performing ArchiveBrowsing the MediaA path of paths that allow users to cut through the collection in a variety of ways.Acknowledgements and Project InformationProject NetworkJacqueline Wernimontbce78f60db1628727fc0b905ad2512506798cac8David J. Kim18723eee6e5a79c8d8823c02b7b02cb2319ee0f1Stephan Schonberg23744229577bdc62e9a8c09d3492541be754e1efAmy Borsukc533a79d33d48cbf428e1160c2edc0b38c50db19Beatrice Schustera02047525b31e94c1336b01e99d7f4f758870500Heather Blackmored0a2bf9f2053b3c0505d20108092251fc75010bfUlia Gosart (Popova)67c984897e6357dbeeac6a13141c0defe5ef3403
Geronimo - Apache
12018-03-16T21:12:53-07:00Erik Loyerf862727c4b34febd6a0341bffd27f168a35aa637294821“Geronimo – Apache”, 1905, vol. 1, portfolio plate 2, photogravure, 46 x 31 cm., Special Collection, Honnold Library, Claremont.plain2018-03-16T21:12:53-07:00Critical Commons19052013-08-16T20:53:59ZImageThe North American IndianErik Loyerf862727c4b34febd6a0341bffd27f168a35aa637
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12018-03-16T21:12:53-07:00Geronimo1part of Visualizing the "Vanishing Race"plain2018-03-16T21:12:53-07:00
Ken Gonzales-Day, Scripps College
‘Wrapped in his blanket, a bronze enigma – a silent but irreconcilable criticism of our civilization! …They muffle themselves in their blankets and disappear over the edge of the hill into the dark valley. To throw the light of knowledge into that dark valley is the purpose of Mr. Curtis’ work.”
Gustave Kobbe, The San Francisco Call, 1911.
Perhaps no figure better exemplified the image of “the vanishing race” to Curtis in these early years than the image of Geronimo. As in a great many of his Native American portraits, Curtis once again employed the use of a blanket, both as a compositional device to direct the eye, and perhaps to cover any signs of contemporary life that may have been suggested by modern clothing. This image was taken in March 1905 and in his description, Curtis suggests that Geronimo was in a “retrospective mood” as he gazed off --constructed as an aging relic of a people in decline. In the text, Curtis explains that Geronimo was seventy-six years of age when the picture was taken in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the day before the inauguration of President Roosevelt. Geronimo had been invited to march in the inaugural parade.
It should be remembered that the first image in the first portfolio of large prints was “the Vanishing Race” and that the second image was Geronimo, who appeared frail and immobile. A monument of Native American history rendered immobile by a blanket which both frames and literally confined his motion.
With the support of President Roosevelt Curtis is given the absolute freedom to enter any reservation he wanted to, with or without invitation. Francis E. Leupp, director of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, is quoted as saying Mr. Curtis’ “...careful methods have been such that he is the one historical prospector to whom I have felt justified in giving absolute freedom to move about in the Indian country, wherever he would.” This freedom also reminds us that the reservation was not autonomous state but is more akin to series of colonies managed by the United States government, and as is suggested by the quote, Curtis was given unlimited access “prospect” for human treasures in Native American lands – and to transform their images into both a record, as well as marketable goods.