French Freedom PapersMain MenuLettersSummaries of the translated letters of the French Freedom Papers collectionRelevant FiguresProvides context about the people sending, receiving, and mentioned in these lettersRelevant Events & PlacesProvides context about the historical events and places being discussed in the lettersReferencesSources used to give context to the historical events and figures found in the letters.External ResourcesLinks to external sites about Charles de Gaulle, World War II, Free French, and this collectionTranslation MethodsKSU French 7208b42ed21d3c5345086d6fd65589ad65f6b323f0c
Alan F. Brooke
12016-12-03T13:11:24-08:00Leah Devers42408f2f7751c1c649b624bacebb2a415aa0bbd998631Sir Alan F. Brookeplain2016-12-03T13:11:24-08:00Leah Devers42408f2f7751c1c649b624bacebb2a415aa0bbd9
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12016-10-17T10:53:27-07:00Alan F. Brooke11plain2016-12-06T17:44:05-08:00Sir Alan Francis Brooke (1883 - 1963) was born in Bagneres de Bigorre, France. At the age of eighteen he joined the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, England. He proved to be a master strategist during World War I and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and bar for his efforts.
During World War II, Brooke led England's home forces and worked on plans to defeat potential German attacks on England. During this time Brooke worked very closely with Winston Churchill and American troops. Brooke is often credited with the success of the Allies in WWII because of his insistence on weakening the Germans by fighting in Africa and Russia rather than invading France in 1942, as American forces had intended. In fact, Brooke's staff drew up the plans for D-day, but given that the troops were primarily American, it was agreed thatDwight Eisenhowershould lead the invasion.
After the war, Brooke received many honors, including: - being titled "Baron Alanbrooke" in 1945 - being titled "Viscount Alanbrooke" in 1946 - being knighted as a Knight of the Garter, Royal Order of Merit in 1946 - being named a most distinguished member of the Royal Regiment of Artillery in 1946 - being named Master Gunner of St. James's Park in 1946 - being honored for his service in WWII by the governments of Poland, Belgium, France, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Portugal, Ethiopia, the Soviet Union, and Sweden ("Sir Alan Francis Brooke").