French Freedom Papers


Relevant Figures

"Alan Francis Brooke." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 11
      Oct. 2016<>., La Fondation Charles de Gaulle,, 
          Accessed 10 October 2016

Boot, Max. Gang of Four. New York, New York Times Company, June 2009.

Chen, C. Peter. “Otto Abetz.” WW2DB RSS

Cobb, Matthew. The Resistance: the French Fight against the Nazis. London, Pocket Books, 2010.

Comor, André-Paul. La Légion étrangère. Presses universitaires de France, 1992.

Crouch, Tom D. “Henri Farman.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online, Encyclopedia Britannica,                           .

Duffy, Michael, editor. “Who's Who - Charles Mangin.” First World,                                                        

Encyclopædia Britannica, editor. “Maurice Farman.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online, Encyclopedia.          Britannica,

"Eugène Mordant." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.

"François Faure." Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération, Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération,                   

“The 1st Free French Division (DFL).” Chemins de Mémoire, Ministère de la Défense,      , Accessed 26      October 2016 Staff. Winston S. Churchill, History Channel, 2009,, 17 October 2016.

"Ken Gatward." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 June 2016. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.

“Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica.
     Web. 17 Oct 2016.

“Marie-Pierre Koenig.” Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016,                                                    , Accessed 26 October 2016

Mortimor-Moore, William. Free France's Lion: the Life of Philippe Leclerc, De Gaulle's Greatest General. Philadelphia , Casemate, 2011.

Musée de l’Ordre de la Libération. "Stanislas Mangin." Ordre De La Liberation, Musée de l’Ordre de       la Libération,

"Winston Churchill." Wikipedia, last modified 17 October 2016,, accessed 17 October 2016.

Events and Places:

“The 1st Free French Division (DFL).” Chemins de Mémoire, Ministère de la Défense,, Accessed 26 October 2016
Adams, Simon. World War II. DK Publishing, 2004.
"Avril 1942." France-Libre. Fondation De La France Libre, 8 Apr. 2009. Web. <http://www.france->.

Barr, James. A Line in the Sand: Britain, France and the Struggle That Shaped the Middle East.
     London, Simon & Schuster, 2011.
Bastien, Hervé. "Les Ordonnances D'Alger."
“The battle of Bir Hakeim.” Chemins de Mémoire, Ministère de la Défense,, Accessed 26 October 2016
Berganus. "Indochina Map. Wikipedia Commons. 22 Nov. 2014.
Bimberg, Edward L. Tricolor over the Sahara: The Desert Battles of the Free French. 1940-1942. Vol 217. Westport, Greenwood Press, March 2002.
Boot, Max. Gang of Four. New York, New York Times Company, June 2009.
 “Juillet 1942.” Fondation de la France Libre., accessed 4 December, 2016.
Bournier, Isabelle, and Pottier, Marc. Paroles d’indigènes. Librio, 2006.
Bracker, Milton. “De Gaulle Troops Fight on in Tunisia.” New York Times, 7 Apr 1943, p. 3
Brooke, Field Marshal Lord Alan. “January 1943.” War Diaries, edited by Alex Danchev and      Daniel Todman, Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 2001, 360-     363. 
“Chronologie, Ordre De La Libération - Musée De l'Ordre De La Libération.” Chronologie, Ordre De La Libération - Musée De l'Ordre      De La Libération, Musee Del'Order De La Liberation. 1 Nov   2016.
Comor, André-Paul. La Légion étrangère. Presses universitaires de France, 1992.

“Eighth Army Ready to Strike.” New York Times from Associated Press, 13 Jan 1943, p. 4.
Eisenhower, Dwight. Crusade In Europe, pp. 99–105, 107–110. New York: Doubleday, 1948.
“L'Épopée De La Colonne Leclerc : Rallier l'Afrique Française à La France Libre.”, Charles De Gaulle Foundation,
"Fezzan". Encyclopedia Britannica.   Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 2016.
“The Fighting French.” New York Times, 14 Jan 1943, p. 20.

France Combattante, and Société Des Editions De La France Libre. Journal Officiel De La France
     Libre. Lois Et Décrets (1941). Web.
"Franco-Thai War" Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, Web. 23 Oct. 2016.
“Free French Drive in Fezzan Goes On.” New York Times, 10 Mar 1942, p. 6. 
Gaulle, Charles De, Marius-François Guyard, and Jean-Luc. Barré. Mémoires. Paris]: Gallimard,
     2000. Print. Bibliothèque De La Pléiade ; 465.
Grehan, John, and Martin Mace. Operations in North Africa and the Middle East 1942-1944: El Alamein, Tunisia, Algeria and Operation Torch (Despatches from the Front). N.p.: Pen and Sword Military, 2015. Print.
Grenville, John A.S. The Major International Treaties of the Twentieth Century: A History and
     Guide with Texts. Vol. 1. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis, 2001.
Messenger, Charles. Reader's Guide to Military History. Abingdon, Routledge

Hostache, René. "Le CFLN, Gouvernement Provisoire De La France En Guerre."
Hunter, Nick. Libya (Countries Around the World). N.p.: Heineman, 2014. Print.
"Indochina." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Web.

J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, The Cambridge History of Africa, vol. 6 (1985), p. 159
Jennings, Eric T. Free French Africa in World War II. N.p.: Cambridge UP, 2015. Print.
"Ken Gatward." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 June 2016. Web. 05 Dec. 2016.
Lackerstein, Debbie. National Regeneration in Vichy France: Ideas and Policies. 1930–1944. (2013).
Larkin, Maurice.,France since the Popular Front: Government and People. 1936–1996 (1997). pp 240-1.
Mackenzie, S.P. (2014). The Second World War in Europe: Second Edition. Routledge. pp. 54–55.
“Marie-Pierre Koenig.” Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016,, Accessed 26 October 2016
Moorehead, Carolina. 2011. A Train in Winter: An Extraordinary Story of Women, Friendship and
     Resistance in Occupied France, New York: Harper Collins, pp. 64, 307.
"The National Archives | World War II | MED & N.Africa | 1940-1945." The National Archives. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey TW9 4DU, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2016. <>.
“NJ 32-14: Annaba, Algeria; Tunisia”. 1:250,000. “Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, Joint Operations Graphic”. December 1972. (7 Nov 2016).

“NJ 32 S.W.: Constantine”. 1:500,000. “French North Africa”. October 1942.       (7 Nov 2016).

Pettibone, Charles D. The Organization and Order of Battle of Militaries in World War II: Volume IV
     Italy and France Including the Neutral Countries of San Marino, Vatican. Bloomington: Trafford,
Roberts, Priscilla M. World War II: The Essential Reference Guide. Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2012.
"Ten Minute Triumph Over Tyranny Vintage Wings of Canada." Ten Minute Triumph Over Tyranny Vintage Wings of Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Trueman, C. N. Operation Torch. The History Learning Site, 19 May 2015. 
United News, Release 26. United Newsreel Corporation, 26 Nov. 1942. Alexander Street,   
The War Summarized.” New York Times, 9 Mar 1942, p. 1.
Weinberg, Gerhard L. Visions of Victory: The Hopes of Eight World War II Leaders. Cambridge:
     Cambridge UP, 2005.
Weiss, Thomas G. The United Nations: before, during and after 1945. London, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, November 2015

William E. Watson, Tricolor and Crescent: France and the Islamic World (2003), p. 28 

Titles and Terms

“Distinguished Service Order.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation,

Duckers, Peter. British Orders and Decorations. Princes Risborough, Shire, 2008.

“Order of the Bath.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation,