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One of three provinces in the United Kingdom of Libya, specifically located in the southwestern region, until 1963. The region was first under Arab rule which dated back to 666 BC, though became part of the Ottoman Empire in 1842. Other religious groups started to emerge in strength and influence in the Fezzan region around the mid-1800s and remained as an influential power until the early part of the 20 century. 

Fezzan, along with the northern regions of Tripolitania and Cryenania, merged under Italian rule in 1912. After shifting powers, the United Kingdom of Libya was formed in 1951, which maintained the 3 provinces. Though the provinces became obsolete when Libya turned into a unitary state in 1963. 

"Fezzan". Encyclopedia Britannica.   Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 2016.

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