Dominique, Lyndon J. Imoinda’s Shade: Marriage and the African Woman in Eighteenth-Century
British Literature, 1759-1808. Ohio State UP, 2012.
Fiedler, Brigitte. “The Woman of Colour and Black Atlantic Movement.” Women’s Narratives of the
Early Americas and the Formation of Empire, edited by Mary McAleer Balkun and Susan C.
Imbarrato. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, pp. 171-85.
Gerzina, Gretchen Holbrook. Black London: Life before Emancipation. Rutgers UP, 1995.Olivia emblematizes a horror regarding the “permanent signifier of the white paternalist’s failed whiteness [and moral character]: his dark offspring” (Imoinda 234) – and Bertha’s literal “dark other” – and so her appearance on the British scene as a wealthy heiress becomes a racial assault on British self-identification. Indeed, the text “makes clear that the mulatto heiress in England is a real threat to the ascendancy of paternalism” (Dominique, Imoinda 228): she “blackens” the wealth attached to her and could literally “blacken” the Merton family line with her progeny. social and political racialization [that] is mobile and relative” (Fielder 172). Olivia enjoys potential access to an Englishness – a citizenship – previously purely and securely Anglo-Saxon.