The Business of Slavery and the Rise of American Capitalism, 1815-1860

Slave Ships: National Archives Slave Manifests, New Orleans, 1807-1860

This is a premier collection of U.S. slave ships entering and departing New Orleans, from 1807 to 1860, with certain years excepted. Each slave ship manifests lists names, ages, and physical descriptions of captives consigned to saltwater passages. Manifests were required by federal law beginning in the 1810s and are U.S. Customs records. The largest online collection is indexed and digitized by and is available for free with an Ancestry login: New Orleans, Louisiana, Slave Manifests, 1807-1860. Examples of manifests from this collection include this 1832 manifest of the merchant brigantine Ajax, to which Rice C. Ballard consigned captives for the passage to New Orleans.

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