Reading Nature, Observing Science: Examining Material Practices in the Lick Observatory Archives and Kenneth S. Norris PapersMain MenuIntroduction to the Lick Observatory ArchivesThe Lick Observatory: Imaging the CosmosThe Lick Observatory: Eclipse ExpeditionsEclipse Intro page (first in a path)Introduction to Kenneth S. Norris PapersKenneth S. Norris Papers: Natural History in PracticeKenneth S. Norris Papers: Pedagogy and ConservationConnections: In Relation to NatureThese images demonstrate the different constructions of nature in the two archivesConnections: Materials of ObservationVisualization of the ConnectionsVisualizes the connections between all the contentReading Nature, Observing ScienceCaptions and information for the cases of objects on display at UCSC Special CollectionsAlex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6Christine Turkb279a3dcf419860f915007f04f08e6fc0f8662ceDanielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
40ft Camera, Jeur, India, 1898
12016-05-11T22:14:53-07:00Craig Dietrich2d66800a3e5a1eaee3a9ca2f91f391c8a689349091844At Jeur, India, the Schaeberle telescope was contructed out of teak and cotton. A team of British missionaries (shown here) were recruited to help with the telescope's operation.plain2016-06-07T15:30:09-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
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12016-06-01T17:54:20-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6Case 4: Eclipse Expeditions in ContextAlex Moore36The photographs and prints gathered in this case pertain to the eclipse expedition program that the Lick astronomers undertook between 1889 and 1932. For the majority of these journeys, the astronomers used a 40ft portable camera designed by J. M. Schaeberle. The images displayed here foreground three themes suggested by the archive: understanding the sun, onsite labour, and the importance of framing.gallery2016-06-07T15:39:30-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
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12016-05-19T15:53:03-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6Onsite laborAlex Moore14At each site, months of labor--from the unloading of cargo and washing of dishes to the construction of the Schaeberle instrument and its precisely timed manipulation--went into the production of the final images.gallery2016-06-10T16:12:22-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
12016-05-19T15:35:34-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a640 ft Schaeberle CameraAlex Moore9Tag for 40ft telescopegallery2016-06-02T21:32:01-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
12016-05-11T22:17:00-07:00Craig Dietrich2d66800a3e5a1eaee3a9ca2f91f391c8a6893490Map of Eclipse Expedition SitesAlex Moore9google_maps2016-06-10T16:28:27-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
12016-06-07T14:29:35-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6Case 4: Onsite LaborAlex Moore5Key theme for Case 4gallery2016-06-07T15:41:44-07:00Alex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6
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12016-05-19T15:53:03-07:00Onsite labor15At each site, months of labor--from the unloading of cargo and washing of dishes to the construction of the Schaeberle instrument and its precisely timed manipulation--went into the production of the final images.gallery2016-06-10T16:13:38-07:00At each site, months of labor--from the unloading of cargo and washing of dishes to the construction of the Schaeberle instrument and its precisely timed manipulation--went into capturing images of events that last only minutes.
These images in the archive document the multiple roles of women at the eclipse sites. The women were the wives of astronomers (including Elizabeth Campbell, who accompanied every expedition that her husband led), local missionaries, and female laborers hired onsite. They took care of not only the domestic side of the expedition but also actively participated in the construction of shelters and the operation of equipment.
The archive also documents the involvement of Indigenous Australians at Wallal and plantation workers at Flint Island. It is unclear how much these individuals were paid for their time or how their services were secured, but it is clear that the expeditions relied upon the workers' skill with local materials.
What did the locals think of the Americans and their scientific equipment temporarily installed in their community? Through the published reports of the astronomers, we know that in Chile James Schaeberle allowed local people to come look through the telescopic camera on the nights before the eclipse while in Indonesia the locals were interested but kept at bay by a police guard. Unfortunately, though the archives provide the perspectives of the astronomers and Mrs Campbell, they provide little direct insight into the experience of the locals in any of these locations.
12016-06-07T15:31:24-07:0040ft Camera, Jeur, India, 18981plain2016-06-07T15:31:25-07:00At Jeur, India, the Schaeberle telescope was contructed out of teak and cotton. A team of British missionaries (shown here) were recruited to help with the telescope's operation.