James Lee Dickey: An Analysis of One African-American's Leadership in Jim Crow Texas

Hero or Traitor?

Immediately, Washington received national acclaim. Both blacks and whites were elated to have a solution to the race problem. Even his future nemesis, W.E.B. Du Bois, described the speech as the “basis of a real settlement between whites and blacks in the South.” As the twentieth century dawned and black oppression continued, however, a small but vocal contingent of critics felt Washington had sold them out.

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