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FoodWords Draft

Food and Society Workshop, Tahsha LePage, Phoebe Ward, Monica Saralampi, Martha Megarry, Maria Frank, Matt Gunther, Authors

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Food Affordability

"Food security" is often used to talk about the concept of food affordability." The phrase food security can be understood in several different ways, including from a national security perspective...
  • Access to a food supply that is sanitary and safe from terroristic threats
... and from a food access perspective. (Definitions in this realm often have significant overlap but vary in the scope and specificity of the elements included.)
  • USDA: "Access by all members at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. Food security includes at a minimum
    • the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods, and
    • an assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways (that is, without resorting to emergency food supplies, scavenging, stealing or other coping strategies)."
  • FAO: "All people, at all times, have access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life"
    • Some prespectives explicitly highlight the need for culturally appropriate food, within the realm of meeting food preferences.
  • Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics:
    • Global food security addresses underlying causes of hunger through country-led initiatives & action by international institutions, with a focus on the sustainability of a healthy and safe food supply chain.
    • National food security is concerned with the survival of the country by securing "national biodiversity, ecosystem preservation, agricultural sustainability, and biosecurity."
    • Community food security means that all residents can "obtain a safe, culturally appropriate, nutritionally sound diet" in a (economically & environmentally) sustainable system that supports community self-reliance and social justice.
    • Household food security means that all members members of the household have nutritionally adequate and
      safe food at all times, via socially acceptable ways.
Related terms: community food security, food insecurity
Poverty can be defined
Related terms: low-income, low economic resources

The word access can be used in several divergent senses, including
  • Economic ability to purchase food
    • Or more broadly, ability to produce, purchase, or receive food
  • Spatial proximity to a food source
  • Facility with which information can be viewed or used by the public
  • Referring to handicapped accessibility to a location
A definition of food access provided by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is very inclusive of concepts relating to the first two bullet points:
"A food-security concept that includes availability or adequacy of supply of healthy food; accessibility or
the location of the food supply and the distance to that location (can refer to a community level or within
a household); affordability refers to food prices and people’s perception of worth relative to the cost;
acceptability or people’s attitudes about attributes of their local food environment and degree that local
food meets certain personally held standards; and accommodation or how well local food sources accept
and adapt to local residents’ needs, such as store hours and types of payments accepted."

Food deserts are defined in terms of nutrition...
...and/or affordability.
  • "Area in the United States with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, particularly such an area composed of predominantly lower income neighborhoods and communities" (The Northside Healthy Eating Project)

Within the tag family "Values, Justifications, & Motivations," in the "Food Justice" cluster.

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Posted on 11 January 2018, 2:54 am by berry  |  Permalink

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