Sailing the British Empire : The Voyages of The Clarence, 1858-73Main MenuSailing the British Empire: The Voyages of the Clarence, 1858-73IntroductionThe Crew / AcknowledgmentsThe Provenance of Watson's LogAdditional Sources: Logs, Crew Lists, DiariesInside Lloyd's Register"Green's Celebrated Service"Details on owner of the ship at the time of our voyage, Richard Green.The Master Builder: William PileThe Master: Joseph Watson's BiographyA Mate's ProgressThe Career of Henry Berridge, First Mate of the ClarenceThe Crew of the Clarence in 1864An annotated crew listThe 18th HussarsThe Clarence and the Cyclone of 1864Origins of Indian Emigrants Aboard The ClarenceThe Surgeon-SuperintendantWages of indentured labourers in Demerara (1870-1900)The Clarence Sails to AustraliaMutiny! Violence and Resistance Aboard "Coolie Ships"Cholera: The Killer from CalcuttaSTSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d08STSC 077, The University of Pennsylvania, fall 2015
Migrants by Origin
12015-12-14T17:32:01-08:00STSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d0862651Between 1831 and 1920, over 2 million migrants became indentured laborers. The top two areas of origin of indentured laborers were India and China. (Northrup, David. Indentured Labor In the Age of Imperialism, 1834-1922. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 156-157.)plain2015-12-14T17:32:01-08:00STSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d08
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12015-12-14T17:32:01-08:00Indentured Laborers From Beyond the Indian Subcontinent2plain2016-02-24T15:08:12-08:00While India was by far the largest contributor to the coolie trade, indentured laborers came from multiple areas of origin. In addition to India, China was a significant player in the coolie trade. The spreading of the coolie trade from India to China began in 1843, when a vessel carried 582 Chinese indentured laborers from Singapore to Mauritius, an island off the coast of East Africa. Following the success of this voyage, the coolie trade from China escalated. The following map shows the most trafficked ports of departure in China. The following map shows the number of Chinese migrants to various destinations from 1841 to 1900. The size of each bubble represents the proportion of total migrants. Mouse over each bubble for the name of each destination.
The majority of Chinese migrants arrived in Cuba and Peru over the period 1841 to 1900, with the majority arriving between 1851 and 1870. In comparison, the most common destinations for migrants from India were Mauritius and British Guiana.
Source Cited: 1. Northrup, David. Indentured Labor In the Age of Imperialism, 1834-1922. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. 55, 156-157.