Sailing the British Empire : The Voyages of The Clarence, 1858-73Main MenuSailing the British Empire: The Voyages of the Clarence, 1858-73IntroductionThe Crew / AcknowledgmentsThe Provenance of Watson's LogAdditional Sources: Logs, Crew Lists, DiariesInside Lloyd's Register"Green's Celebrated Service"Details on owner of the ship at the time of our voyage, Richard Green.The Master Builder: William PileThe Master: Joseph Watson's BiographyA Mate's ProgressThe Career of Henry Berridge, First Mate of the ClarenceThe Crew of the Clarence in 1864An annotated crew listThe 18th HussarsThe Clarence and the Cyclone of 1864Origins of Indian Emigrants Aboard The ClarenceThe Surgeon-SuperintendantWages of indentured labourers in Demerara (1870-1900)The Clarence Sails to AustraliaMutiny! Violence and Resistance Aboard "Coolie Ships"Cholera: The Killer from CalcuttaSTSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d08STSC 077, The University of Pennsylvania, fall 2015
A few of the regulations for inward an outward bound ships to Madras (revised version 1898)
12015-12-13T11:14:00-08:00Neeraj Chandrasekar4e9c3c05f5a0342bbf61fabc0fc0f3fad3b8436962651The Madras Plague Regulations and Rules. Madras: Printed by the Superintendent, Government, 1898. Print.plain2015-12-13T11:14:00-08:00Neeraj Chandrasekar4e9c3c05f5a0342bbf61fabc0fc0f3fad3b84369
To prevent the outbreak of cholera onto land, there was also legislation in place to make sure that affected ships were quarantined, and the passengers not allowed to disembark for a period of upto 30 days. Such ships would have to raise a yellow flag, three miles off the coast (in the case of the Madras Presidency) to alert port authorities of the outbreak. By legislation, the ships were also required to discharge any waste water away from the port. However, this legislation was sometimes ignored, especially when it went against mercantile interests. For instance, even though the SS Assyria had a cholera outbreak, the company that commissioned the ship broke maritime law in order to collect cargo from a port. Abiding by the law, the company would have lost its cargo, and thus profits. For these reasons, it was also difficult for doctors and sanitarians to press the government to develop cures, as a non interventionist policy favored its commercial, financial and political interests.
Similarly, rules were passed on how the incidence of cholera could be reduced. For instance, in one such memorandum, it is specified that the 'discharges from the stomach and bowels' must be promptly covered with ashes or earth and then buried as far away from water sources as possible. This in particular is a very important, considering that cholera is mainly transmitted througg food or water contaminated by a victim's faeces. Sources:
Sarup, Leela Gujadhur. "Volume 6." Colonial Emigration, 19th-20th Centuries: Proceedings. Kolkata: Aldrich International, 2009 N. p. Print. The Madras Plague Regulations and Rules. Madras: Printed by the Superintendent, Government, 1898. Print. Townsend, S. C., and S. C. Townsend. Memorandum on the Precautions to Be Taken against Cholera. Place of Publication Not Identified: Publisher Not Identified, 1869. Print.