The Female Refugee Experience in Central Ohio

Iraq References

Great Sources:

Al-Maghafi, Nawal. “Iraq’s Secret Sex Trade.”, Frontline, Season 2019, Episode 6, 12 Novemeber 2019,

Additional Resources: 

Other Citations: 

Vilardo, Valeria and Sara Bittar. “Gender Profile Iraq: A situation analysis on gender equality and women’s empowerment in Iraq.” UN Women, Oxfam, The people of Japan, December 2018,

“Iraq protests: Taking on the establishment, fighting to be heard | The Listening Post.”, Al Jazeera English, 12 October 2019,

“The underground railroad for Iraqi women.”, Madre: fighting for feminist futures. 

Barbarani, Sofia. “Hundreds of Iraqi women challenge Al-Sadar’s call for segregation.”, Al Jazeera Media Network, 14 Feburary 2020,

Langer, Gary. “Voices From Iraq 2007: Ebbing Hope in a Landscape of Loss.”, ABC News, 4 Feburary 2009,

Aston, Charlotte. “Iraqi women: Winners or losers in a war-torn society?”, BBC News Services, 16 November 2011, 

“Iraq.”, Central Intelligence Agency,


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