This page is referenced by:
Collection of Early Digital Literature in the Electronic Literature Lab (ELL)
A description of the Electronic Literature Lab's collection and list of early digital works
Pathfinders innovates the method of digital preservation called “collection” by making the collection experience widely available to audiences through traversals––that is, documentation of artists' performing their works or users' interacting with works on vintage computers in collections like the ones found in the Electronic Literature Lab (ELL) and at the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH). ELL contains over 300 works of electronic literature––many of them produced and/or published before the introduction of the browser––and over 60 vintage Apple computers dating from 1983. A complete inventory of works and computers can be found in the ELL Catalog. Early digital literature, like those featured in Pathfinders, was created with an authoring system or programmed in languages like BASIC and, then, published on either 5 ¼” or 3 ½” floppy disks. Some works completed just as CD technology was becoming prevalent, like Bill Bly's We Descend, were published simultaneously on both a floppy disk and CD. They were sold and distributed through catalogs or by publishers, like Art Com Catalog and Eastgate, the developer of Storyspace and Tinderbox that also pioneered publishing methods for electronic literature. ELL’s early digital literature features these titles, below, from Eastgate. Missing from my collection are two works published by the company: Christiane Paul's Unreal City and Mark Bernstein and Erin Sweeney's The Election of 1912.
Mark Bernstein and Erin Sweeney, The Election of 1912, 1988 Robert DiChiara, Sucker in Spades, 1988 Michael Joyce, afternoon: a story, 1990 Clark Humphrey, The Perfect Couple, 1990 Stuart Moulthrop, Victory Garden, 1991 Sarah Smith, King of Space, 1991 Carolyn Guyer, Quibbling, 1992 George P. Landow, The Dickens Web, 1992 George P. Landow & Jon Lanestedt, The In Memoriam Web, 1992 Judy Malloy, its name was Penelope, 1989-1992 John McDaid, Uncle Buddy’s Phantom Funhouse, 1992 Mary-Kim Arnold, Lust, Diskette 1993, CD-COM 1998 J. Yellowlees Douglas, I Have Said Nothing, Diskette 1993, CD-ROM 1998 Deena Larsen, Marble Springs, 1993 Jim Rosenberg, Intergrams, 1993 Kathryn Cramer, In Small & Large Pieces, 1994 Giuliano Franco, Quam Artem Exerceas?, 1994 David Kolb, Socrates in the Labyrinth, 1994 Kathy Mac, Unnatural Habitats, 1994 Rob Swigart, Directions, 1994 Edward Falco, Sea Island, 1995 Richard Gess, Mahasukha Halo, 1995 Diane Greco, Cyborg: Engineering the Body Electric, 1995 Shelley Jackson, Patchwork Girl, 1995 Judith Kerman, Mothering, 1995 George Landow, Writing at the Edge, 1995 Deena Larsen, Century Cross, 1995 Judy Malloy & Cathy Marshall, Forward Anywhere, 1995 Michael Van Mantgem, Completing the Circle, 1995 Tim McLaughlin, Notes Toward Absolute Zero, 1995 Christiane Paul, Unreal City: A Hypertext Companion to T. S. Eliot’s "The Waste Land," 1995 Michael Joyce, Twilight: A Symphony, 1996 Robert Kendall, A Life Set For Two, 1996 Jim Rosenberg, The Barrier Frames, 1996 Jim Rosenberg, Diffractions Through, 1996 Richard Smyth, Genetis: A Rhizography, 1996 Bill Bly, We Descend, 1997 Wes Chapman, Turning In, 1997 Edward Falco, A Dream with Demons, 1997 Deena Larsen, Samplers, 1997 Eric Steinhart, Fragments of the Dionysian Body, 1997 Stephanie Strickland, True North, 1997 M.D. Coverley, Califia, 2000 Rob Swigart, Down Time, 2000 Richard Holeton, Figurski at Findhorn on Acid, 2001 Judd Morrissey & Lori Talley, My Name Is Captain, Captain, 2002 Roderick Coover, Cultures in Webs, 2003 Megan Heyward, of day of night, 2004 Mark Bernstein, Those Trojan Girls, 2016