James Lee Dickey: An Analysis of One African-American's Leadership in Jim Crow TexasMain MenuJames Lee Dickey: An Analysis of One African American's Leadership in Jim Crow TexasIntroductionSlave No MoreFreedman after Bondage 1865 - 1955African American LeadershipContenders for the TitleJames Lee DickeyThe Leadership of James Lee DickeyLocations in Dr. James Lee Dickey's StoryGoogle locations for Dr. Dickey's BiographyMaureen Grayab288c53aefb942d3e6102c32f4d6e3a10268d3b
Inside Booker T. Washington's House
12018-04-12T16:29:22-07:00Maureen Grayab288c53aefb942d3e6102c32f4d6e3a10268d3b197011Interior of Booker T. Washington's home in Malden, West Virginiaplain2018-04-12T16:29:22-07:00Maureen Grayab288c53aefb942d3e6102c32f4d6e3a10268d3b
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1media/1701 Corn Still Green.jpg2018-03-30T22:48:09-07:00Booker T. Washington14Thirsty for knowledgeimage_header2018-06-07T12:43:17-07:00Booker T. Washington was the most influential African American leader at the turn of the 20th century. He surmounted many obstacles to achieve prominence and devoted his career to attain racial uplift. Booker Taliaferro Washington was born a mulatto slave in Virginia in 1856 and upon emancipation, moved with his family to West Virginia where he worked first in a salt furnace and later in a coal mine. He taught himself simple reading but had an insatiable thirst for knowledge. He overheard people discussing a new colored normal school in Hampton, Virginia and vowed to attend Hampton Institute. Desperate to find more lucrative employment, he accepted a position with Mrs. Lewis Ruffner who was reputedly a strict taskmaster. The combination of her obsession with cleanliness and Booker’s desperation to earn tuition funds made young Washington as meticulous as his mistress. Once he had earned Mrs. Ruffner's trust, Booker was permitted to attend school during the winter and he hired tutors for evening lessons in addition to her own academic instruction. Impressed by him, Mr. and Mrs. Ruffner became Booker T. Washington's staunch supporters. In the fall of 1872, young Washington departed his past to find his future. Armed with a small satchel of personal belongings and very little money (family issues had depleted his savings), he traveled 500 miles to Hampton Institute with the hope that he could work for his tuition and upkeep.