Digital History Seminar: 20th Century Spain


Digital Collections

Southworth Spanish Civil War Collection 

Abraham Lincoln Brigades

Memorial Democratic de Catalunya


Secondary Sources

“Aces of the Luftwaffe - Werner Mölders.” Accessed May 6, 2019.

“African Americans in the Spanish Civil War.” Archive. Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives, 2008.

Altares, Guillermo. "The Spanish Role in the French Resistance." EL PAÍS. October 12, 2016 
"Artist Felicia Browne: The First Briton to Die in the Spanish Civil War." British Spanish Society. Accessed April 23, 2019.

Ben Cosgrove.  "Modest Birth of An Iconic Photo."

Boyd, Carolyn P. Historia Patria: Politics, History, and National Identity in Spain, 1875-1975. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1997.

Coward, Ros. "Franco Refugees Still Haunted by the Past: 'We Were Cold, Hungry and Scared'."The Guardian. February 09, 2019.

Dorothy Legarreta. “The Basque Children in Britain.” In The Guernica Generation: Basque Refugee Children of the Spanish Civil War, 99–134. University of Nevada Press, 1984.

———. “The Repatriation to Euzkadi.” In The Guernica Generation: Basque Refugee Children of the Spanish Civil War, 201–40. University of Nevada Press, 1984.

Felicia R. Lee.  "A Wartime Photographer In Her Own Right."

Gabriel Pretus. “War in the North: July 1935- October 1937: Politics and Humanitarian Relief: The Evacuation of Basque Children to England in May 1937.” In Humanitarian Relief in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), 221–78. The Edwin Mellen Press, 2013.

“Germany and the Spanish Civil War.” Spartacus Educational. Accessed May 7, 2019.

Groves, Tamar. Teachers and the Struggle for Democracy in Spain, 1970-1985. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

“Hellmuth Volkmann - Legion Condor - Mine Creek Battlefield.” Accessed May 6, 2019.

“Hermann Göring.” Biography. Accessed May 6, 2019.öring.

Hywel Davis. “Out of Harm’s Way.” In Fleeing Franco:How Wales Gave Shelter to Refugee Children from the Basque Country during the Spanish Civil War, 37–52. University of Wales Press, 2011.

International Center of Photography.  "The Mexican Suitcase:  Rediscovered Spanish Civil War Photos From Capa, Chim, And Taro."

Jacinto Anton, "Marina Ginesta, The Young and Defiant Rifle Militiaman."

Kendall, Meaghan, and Meaghan Kendall. "Internment of the Spanish Exiles in France."   Medium. August 11, 2018.

Larry Rohter.  "New Doubts Raised Over Famous War Photo."

Laureau, Patrick. Condor : The Luftwaffe in Spain, 1936-39. Stackpole Military History Series. Mechanicsburg, PA : Stackpole Books, 2010., 2010.

Margot Adler.  "The Mystery of the Mexican Suitcase."

Marie Brenner.  "Robert Capa's Longest Day."

Melanie Abrams. "Chim:  Photography's Forgotten Hero."

Permuy López, Rafael A, Lucas Molina Franco, and Steve Turpin White. The Experimental Units of Hitler’s Condor Legion: German Aircraft in Action during the Spanish Civil War, 2017.

Peter Anderson. “The Struggle over the Evacuation to the United Kingdom and Repatriation of Basque Refugee Children in Spanish Civil War: Symbols and Souls.” Journal of Contemporary History 52 (2017): 297–318.

Rebecca Sanchez.  "Remembering The Spanish Civil War."

"Resources." Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Spanish Civil War History and Education: Interview with Evelyn Hutchins. Accessed April 23, 2019. hutchins.

Richards, Michael. A Time of Silence: Civil War and the Culture of Repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Richards, Michael. After the Civil War: Making Memory and Re-Making Spain since 1936. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

“Richthofen, Wolfram Freiherr von - TracesOfWar.Com.” Accessed May 6, 2019.

Sanchez, Antonio Cazorla. Fear and Progress: Ordinary Lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975. United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

Sharif Gemie, Scott Soo, And Norry LaPorte. “Repatriation or Return?” In Coming Home? Vol. 1: Conflict and Return Migration in the Aftermath of Europe’s Twentieth-Century Civil Wars, 1:16–32. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2013.

"Spanish Civil War 'drew 4,000 Britons' to Fight Fascism." BBC News. June 28, 2011. Accessed April 23, 2019.

“Spanish Civil War: German Condor Legion’s Tactical Air Power.” HistoryNet, June 12, 2006.

“Sperrle, Hugo Otto.” WW2 Gravestone. Accessed May 5, 2019.

Sontag, Susan. ""Looking At War"." The New Yorker, December 9, 2002, 82-99. 

Tacoma Art Museum. "Frida Kahlo:  Images of an Icon."

Time Magazine.  "100 Most Influential Photos of All Time."

“War Memoirs.” Accessed May 6, 2019.

Westwell, Ian. Condor Legion : The Wehrmacht’s Training Ground. Spearhead: 15. Hersham : Ian Allan Pub., 2004., 2004.

Zahra, Tara. “The Quintessential Victims of War.” In The Lost Children: Reconstructing Europe’s Families After World War II, 24–58. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2011.

"1939-1945: Spanish Resistance in France."

Bocanegra, Lidia, and Maurizio Toscano. "1939, The Rpublican Exodus." Exiliados Republicanos


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