Sailing the British Empire : The Voyages of The Clarence, 1858-73Main MenuSailing the British Empire: The Voyages of the Clarence, 1858-73IntroductionThe Crew / AcknowledgmentsThe Provenance of Watson's LogAdditional Sources: Logs, Crew Lists, DiariesInside Lloyd's Register"Green's Celebrated Service"Details on owner of the ship at the time of our voyage, Richard Green.The Master Builder: William PileThe Master: Joseph Watson's BiographyA Mate's ProgressThe Career of Henry Berridge, First Mate of the ClarenceThe Crew of the Clarence in 1864An annotated crew listThe 18th HussarsThe Clarence and the Cyclone of 1864Origins of Indian Emigrants Aboard The ClarenceThe Surgeon-SuperintendantWages of indentured labourers in Demerara (1870-1900)The Clarence Sails to AustraliaMutiny! Violence and Resistance Aboard "Coolie Ships"Cholera: The Killer from CalcuttaSTSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d08STSC 077, The University of Pennsylvania, fall 2015
Provincial Origins of Emigrants on Selected Ships, 1864-65
12016-02-17T12:48:35-08:00STSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d0862653plain2016-02-18T12:13:17-08:00STSC 077, Fall 2015 First Year Seminar, University of Pennsylvaniab33a025deaa7595ed0079bfc9b77ea3cb14b8d08
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12016-02-16T14:28:23-08:00Origins of Indian Emigrants Aboard The Clarence9plain2016-02-18T12:16:29-08:00The log of the Clarence gives no information about the Indian migrants who embarked from Calcutta. We know only their number. Correspondence in the India Office Records at the British Library, however, provides a broad indication of their origins. For six ships sailing in the 1864-65 season, we can see how many emigrants were recruited in Bengal versus in other provinces: While we do not have records of where the emigrants on board specifically came from for the voyage of 1864-1885 of the Clarence, we do have some description of where emigrants come from on similar voyages. The Clarence was transporting emigrants from Bengal to the West Indies and Trinidad from 1860-1862.
The first voyage began the 3rd of November 1860 and concluded on the 22nd of January 1861 for a total of 81 days at sea. There were 376 emigrants on board, with 13 deaths (3.45% death rate.) Emigrants on this voyage were recruited from:Bengal, Behar, Orissa, The north-western provinces, Nepaul, Gwalion, Fyzabad, Lucknow, Lahore and Oude. The second voyage of the Clarence during this time began the 18th of December 1861 and concluded on the 4th of March for a total of 77 days at sea. There was a total of 462 emigrants on board having been recruited from:Bengal, Behar, Orissa, The north-western provinces, Gwalior, Kotah, Lahore, Punjab, Lucknow, Putyalah, Napual, Oude and Tirhoot.
Data presented by Lance Brennan et al. lends itself to mapping - here we show the major districts of origin of all Indian indentured laborers departing from Calcutta between 1844 and 1864: