Shakespeare in the Digital Age

Academic Sources

  1. Herrman '95, Michele (1994) "Time as a Tool of Patriarchal Oppression in As You Like It," Undergraduate Review: Vol. 7: Iss. 1, Article 6.
This article by Herman examines the use of time as a devise of oppression and control in As You Like It. Time is presented as an enemy by people in power to those below them, using it to manipulate and prevent subjects from claiming time as their own and for their own advantage. Even the fact that power is passed on from a king to his first born son embodies how time is used in the society in which As You Like It takes place. The character Orlando for example has no role in society because he is not to inherit anything from his dead father. Which is an example Herman presents to support how time is used to manipulate characters. By the end of the play the characters shift the use of time as oppression to the use for happier purposes. Herman’s article useful in understanding why the characters of the play focus so much on time and understand the importance of time to them.
  1. "Shakespeare FAQ." Folger Shakespeare Library. N.p., 2016. Web. 12 Oct. 2016.
            This online source answers frequently asked questions about Shakespeare and his works. I found this website to be interesting because I gained knowledge of his private life that I hadn’t previously known, such as he married his wife Anne Hathaway in 1582, when he was 18 years old and she was thought to be around age 26 and according to Marvin Spevack's concordances, Shakespeare’s complete works consist of 884,647 words and 118,406 lines. These fun facts about Shakespeare helps his readers to know the person behind the writings and see how creative he was in producing his plays that seem to have no relation to his personal life.
  1. Shaw, John (1955) “Fortune and Nature in As You Like ItShakespeare Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Winter, 1955), pp. 45-50. Folger Shakespeare Library in association with George Washington University Stable. Accessed: 13-10-2016 00:41 UTC
 This article examines Shakespeare’s use of the Renaissance tradition of fortune vs nature in his play and the role it has As You Like It. Through careful reading of the play the author of this article reveals that the binary represented by fortune vs nature is the source of the conflict for the main characters. In the first act of the play in a conversation between Rosalind and Celia where they mockingly foreshadow the plot of the story the concept of the fortune vs nature is introduced. Throughout the course of the comedy the philosophical   conflict between the fortune and nature influenced both the characterization and the plot. By the end of the play the conflict seems to be resolved with nature prevailing no matter what misfortune the characters had to endure they returned to their rightful roles in which nature created for them. This article is useful in understanding the conflicts which take place in the comedy. The close examination of fortune and nature in this account by Shaw enables readers of As You Like It to recognize that the conflict of fortune vs nature is a theme that is explored throughout the time period in which it was written.
  1. William Shakespeare by David Bevington, John Russell Brown, and Terence John Bew Spencer
The section with when article begins to discuss about As you like it and analyzes the characters and how disguising as a young man in order to pursue the other sex is somewhat of a familiar device. I agree with this article on Rosalind’s character traits. It states how Rosalind is more emotionally stable and mature than Orlando and how Orlando lacks formal education that Rosalind has to mold and make him a better companion for her. One of the most interesting quotes this article shares were the part where they say how with Rosalind’s wryly amusing perspectives on love helps change Orlando’s “inflated and unrealistic “Petrarchan” stance as the young lover”. Once Rosalind taught him that love is not a fantasy, he was then ready to become a husband.

Bevington, David, John Russell Brown, and Terence JohnBew Spencer. "William Shakespeare - The Poems." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 30 Sept. 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
  1. Gender and Politics in As you like it by Linda Leuser
This article discusses the possibility of Shakespeare being bisexual. Leuser argues that though many scholars contemplate the confused sexuality of Rosalind living in the forest instead of thinking about Shakespeare’s bisexuality. That perhaps he has conflicted feelings of his own psyche and would like to explore the taboos of gender issues on stage. To back up her argument she revealed the unusually close relationship of Celia and Rosalind and even quoted from a scene in Act 1, Scene 1. That specific scene, Leuser believes is a hint from Shakespeare that there is a sexual relationship between cousins or that Shakespeare is just referring to an image of sisterhood that “implies a relationship of mutual duties and pleasures, of spiritual and material solace constructed around familiarity, similarity, pleasure, duty, and presence.”

Leuser, Linda. "Gender and Politics in As You Like It." Cedar Crest College, 2004. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.
  1. QUEERING Shakespeare’s AS YOU LIKE IT by Rani Gogoi
Gogoi reveals Queer theory which she explains that it is a contemporary approach to literature and culture that assumes sexual identities and that critiques gender and sexuality as that are commonly conceived. She uses Shakespeare’s As you like it as an example of Queer Theory and how the play involves sexual ambiguities and homoeroticism. In act 1 scene 3, Gogoi uses an example from the play “I know her if she be a traitor, Why so am I, we still have slept together;
And whereso’ver we went, like Juno‟s swans, still we went coupled and inseparable.” This reveals the context of Lesbian Eroticism. What was most interesting was when Gogoi explained “Juno’s swans”. She states that it was taken from Roman Mythology. Also the note of swans meaning they are inseparable and is believed swans mate and stay together for a lifetime. Juno is the Roman Goddess of love. This would prove on how their relationship can be considered a same sex relation.

Gogoi, Rani. "Queering Shakespeare's As You Like It." - Share Research. Http://, Web. 15 Dec. 2016.

This page has paths: