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View of the Temple of Camenae
12020-02-20T06:55:33-08:00Avery Freemanb9edcb567e2471c9ec37caa50383522b90999cba228491from Volume 16 of Giovanni Battista Piranesi's Opereplain2020-02-20T06:55:33-08:00Internet Archivepiranesi-ia-vol16-063.jpgimageAvery Freemanb9edcb567e2471c9ec37caa50383522b90999cba
12019-02-15T17:30:52-08:00View of the Temple of Camenae21Veduta del Tempio delle Camene, anticamente circondato da un bosco nella valle di Egeria, si vede fuori di Porta Latina nella valle detta la Gaffarellaplain2022-07-14T16:10:11-07:00Title: Veduta del Tempio delle Camene, anticamente circondato da un bosco nella valle di Egeria, si vede fuori di Porta Latina nella valle detta la Gaffarella. Key: A Spelonca d’Egeria. B Tempio di Bacco oggi Sant' Urbano. Signature: Cavalier Piranesi del(ineavit). e inc(idit).Title: View of the Temple of Camenae, in antiquity surrounded by a forest in the valley of Egeria, which can be seen outside the Porta Latina in the valley called the Caffarella. Key: A Grotto of Egeria. B. Temple of Bacchus, today Sant’Urbano. Signature: Designed and engraved by Cavalier Piranesi.Presented here rather modestly, this monument also features in one of Piranesi’s most complex and polemical images. What Piranesi names the Temple of the Camenae is now considered to be the Tomb of Annia Regilla. Within the Didot edition of the Vedute di Roma, this image serves as a natural transition between the two previous views of the exterior and interior of the Tempio di Bacco and the following view of the Grotto of Egeria: its annotations point not to this structure’s architectural details—the console of the windows, or the pediment and conch on the façade—but instead to those two distant structures. Despite limited light and a wide shadow, the texture of the monument’s façade is dramatically detailed, with the brickwork that has fallen away near the roof revealing what seems to be living irregularity beneath. Piranesi includes botanical growth on its roof, which suggests a revival of the monument’s formerly wooded surroundings that his caption describes. On the building’s left, the window appears to be illuminated from within.
Piranesi includes a portion of a similar view in one of his most complex layered images, a study of Roman architectural details compared with Greek examples from Julien-David Le Roy. In this image, from Della Magnificenza ed Architettura de’ Romani, he includes numerous examples of Roman architectural detail, noting the locations of each; he indicates that this monument is in the area outside of Rome known as the Caffarella (today the Caffarella Park), which lies beyond the Porta Latina and is bordered by the Appian Way. He calls particular attention to the monument’s columns and especially its window, which he shows in a small veduta (detail 1) and in orthographic projection (detail 2). His visual argument in the image from Della Magnificenza, and in that work as a whole, is that Roman architecture displays its own splendor apart from any Greek influence. This chosen example is has Greek affiliations, though, as the tomb of Appia Annia Regilla, the Roman wife of the prominent Greek Herodes Atticus, and with the traditional Greek fretwork along the façade. His emphasis on its other details illuminates their grand ornamentation (detail 3). Heather Hyde Minor has observed that this image from Della Magnificenza engages in a practice of visual citation by isolating specific individual architectural details and pointing viewers to their locations (2015, 125). By contrast, in this view of 1773, Piranesi emphasizes situation over citation, favoring dramatic shading, natural overgrowth, and the texture of gradual decay over his aesthetic battle against Le Roy from the previous decade. (JB)
To see this image in the Vedute di Roma, volume 16 of Piranesi’s Opere, click here.