Materia Medica, Pharmacology & Bio-Prospecting Main MenuIntroductionStudent ProjectsAn Investigation of Five Plants from Rumphius' The Ambonese HerbalBy Jasmine Mariko Reddy, Riya Shah, Emily Burns, Jessica Wakefield and Sareen ManuelThe Importance of Plantago in Medieval European MedicineBy Chris Jamali, Eryn Wilkinson, Swetha Sundaram, Osvaldo Sanchez Fernandez, and Fiza Zahra BalochRe-discovery of Huang Hua Hao: "Qing Hao," Artemisinin, and MalariaBy Anna Yu, Yasaman Moradian, Arman Soltanzadeh, Maya Barajas-Tavera, and Medha VallurupalliJasmine Mariko Reddyb0281e9dbf771b6dad85840110cc9e3d58f55c50Riya Shahc4935b725a6a886968209b1201e4d171adb9da73Emily Burns36af36617134a2bbfd98d24be85866b56ab19858Jessica Wakefield80f49fd19bd630d958c7325599404bef4648009cSareen Manuel2c5a5acc2c71c72acdd64318e7d8aea41b7ef039Chris Jamali02467fca8849d6d56e058865b66250768fdff764Eryn Wilkinsonf420cd237ff4a148ab803b96fae71be4b88fa19bSwetha Sundaram9db3b0c7023f421b67616e34a07fd459b84b7f42Osvaldo Sanchez Fernandez667e0bfed7f4b6edb09b1ad7d53ff0c9e16b3be0Fiza Zahra Baloch8ade266c845a4eab0029266abdab1f9a03773bb7Anna Yuca7a106787bf0a1a2d8077ad646be4f62af171c6Yasaman Moradian41a5b6b8f173c61476252b8ce3915cae39a3eaa9Arman Soltanzadehea0481f5e1a561c616b81a8f76be08abebe530f1Maya Barajas-Tavera952495e26ba3bdc14ebef7f5445a33f92e6f2386Medha Vallurupallibac3343fdf840677331343a4c047d6aee40ac352Chien-Ling Liu Zelenyb41fb6e9789888538ccab835b41e1a49b128a7bf
Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) from Livre des simples médecines
12021-05-25T20:50:24-07:00Chris Jamali02467fca8849d6d56e058865b66250768fdff764392128Wellcome Collectionplain2021-06-07T09:47:01-07:00Wellcome Collections. https://wellcomecollection.org/articles/WaAiJycAAF2MuN0M148051.5260° N, 0.1340° WLivre des simples médecines, translated from Circa Instans by Matthaeus PlateariusSwetha Sundaram9db3b0c7023f421b67616e34a07fd459b84b7f42
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12021-06-07T10:10:26-07:00Swetha Sundaram9db3b0c7023f421b67616e34a07fd459b84b7f42Defining FeaturesChien-Ling Liu Zeleny4plain2021-06-12T22:50:18-07:00Chien-Ling Liu Zelenyb41fb6e9789888538ccab835b41e1a49b128a7bf
12021-05-24T10:23:34-07:00Plantago lanceolata from the Wellcome Collection19by Swetha Sundaramplain2021-06-29T13:40:21-07:00In this image, there is text on the left-hand side with the image of Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) on the right. The plant is not drawn in detail, only a general outline is provided along with very few discerning features. One of these main features includes the stemmed bristle part of the plants that are seen scattered among the broad leaves. Another important note to make of the image are the scorpion, snake, and spider depicted beneath the plant. The significance of this “notation” is to highlight the specific healing properties of Plantain (Plantago lanceolata). It was observed that this plant is effective in treating venomous bites from scorpions, snakes, and spiders, which is why they were drawn as part of the image. The purpose behind this overall book was to compile all the European medieval knowledge gathered on animal, plant, and mineral substances used for wound treatment. The two main authors of this piece are Matthaeus Platearius, who worked on the text portion of the work, and then Robinet Testard, who gathered the illustrations. Platearius provided information “on the nature, healing properties, secondary qualities and therapeutic use of samples obtained from plants, metals and precious stones”. The illustrations are unique in that they are considered to be of “diagrammatic nature” or not being closely depicted as other realistic work from the Renaissance “back to nature” movement (Moleiro).
By examining different species of Plantago, all the plants were drawn with broad, green levels and the occasional bristle-like stems. It is effective when applied directly to the wound in pulp/paste form or even ingested as a juice. Because of the similarity in physical appearance and chemical properties that promote healing, we argue that the Plantago species studied are closely related (MAMcIntosh 2019).
MAMcIntosh. 2019. The Art and Knowledge in Medieval Herbals. Brewminate. https://brewminate.com/the-art-and-knowledge-in-medieval-herbals/.
Moleiro. n.d. The Book of Simple Medicines National Library of Russia, St Petersburg. M. Moleiro Editor. https://www.moleiro.com/en/books-of-medicine/the-book-of-simple-medicines.html.