Each student in the class made a performative interpretation of the RYBG method. Students work in pairs to develop a unique ideas. They then videotaped each performance and uploaded to a shared drive. Each pair shared their ideas with the class for peer evaluation and at a time have us participate. Then, on the Google drive, each student wrote their description to catalog all of the variations we recorded. Students then went through the spreadsheet and added their analysis to a grid to give thoughts on which performances they thought engaging or doable. Some students wrote their concerns for other projects but in all cases their insights helped us pick which projects to move forward.
We then created notes on NVivo to analyze each video are white BG intervention. We define nodes in NVivo to establish frameworks that could be used as criteria to pick which project would be best for the populations we wanted to address in our final interventions.
The nodes were grouped into four divisions. We created subgroups underneath the main nodes. Our breakdown looked liked this:
additional body cue
body in space
moving across environment
Sound effects – aural
All of this information we analyzed to choose three interventions we felt would best engage the intended populations we wanted to serve. We then pass it on to the group which prototyped our findings to agree on the final intervention we implemented for the final class prototype.
All Original Systems Developed
|The Word Game||https://drive.google.com/a/usc.edu/file/d/0B0C3QCWL53raV19QYmctbWZwZ0U/view?usp=sharing||4 people standing on a square formation. Variation 1: Starting with the player on the bottom right, each person says a word starting with the first letter of their name. After all players have said their words, a new turn begins as the players move clockward. A string of words is created. Variation 2: Starting with the player on the bottom right, each person says a word that matches parts of speech - name + verb + adjective + object - in that exact order. A new turn begins as the players move clockward. Variation 3: Throwing a ball determines whose turn it is to say a word. The goal is to make a sentence (name+verb+adjective+object).|
|Hogwarts Houses||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0vL8BofKe8TOVBRV2FlemFXbUU||The first color of RYBG for each rotation is replaced by the corresponding Hogwarts House (red - Gryffindor, yellow - Hufflepuff, blue - Ravenclaw, green - Slytherin)|
|Competitive RYBG||https://drive.google.com/drive/u/1/folders/0B0C3QCWL53raTEVaejJiNl9qMEE||Two people will alternate every rotation mentioning the RYBG sequence. For every turn, the player speaking may change one color. The player wins when the other player says the wrong color|
|The Picnic Basket!!||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raNU1Ra0MtSFZFcTA||This can be done in groups of 4 kids. Keep the staple forms: Apple, Bananas, Cherries, Donuts. The first round will start with these four words, then the FIRST letter of each word will progress alphabetically. For example, the second round will be Epple, Fananas, Gherries, Honuts. A creative aspect can be added by changing the staple forms; for example, from Epple, Fananas, Gherries, Honuts to --> Ice, Jelly, Kiwi, Lemon --> Mce, Nelly, Oiwi, Pemon --> Quesadilla, Raspberry, Strawberries, Tomato --> Uuesadilla, Vaspberry, Wtrawberries, Xomato, etc|
|Sign Language RYBG||This variation of RYBG is very similar to the original version, but the movements are performed with the letters for R, Y, G, and B in sign language. The performer should not say anything out loud.|
|Secondary Colors RYBG||This is a very simple variation of RYBG. It is basically the same, except instead of rotating all the same colors, the color on the second shoulder is the product of the two colors spoken before it. Red, Yellow, and Blue remain the same and rotate as normal, skipping the second shoulder. So it goes: red, yellow, blue, green, then blue, red, yellow, orange.|
|Singing RYBG||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raSjRMU1ZldVdmNE0||This variation of RYBG assignes each color a note. On the lower and most basic scale, Red= "Do", Yellow= "Re", Blue="Mi", Green="Fa". You cycle through these notes in the same way you do in the basic RYBG model. This would make rotation 1: Do Re Mi Fa, rotation 2: Re Fa Do Mi, etc. If you would like to enter into the higher register-version of the model, you would assign "So"= Red, Yellow="La", Blue="Ti", Green="Do". Therefore, your rotations would be; So La Ti Do, La Do So Ti, etc. If there are two muscially-inclined players playing, they can each choose the Do/Re or the So/La versions of the cycle, and sing them together. This creates harmonies throughout the rotations.|
|ABCD RYGB||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53racng5VEh5ZlFwNTQ||Simple version of RYBG which replaces the colors with letters of the alphabet. Good starting place for someone having trouble visualizing the colors. Single player.|
|Tactile RYBG/ Visual RYBG/ Velcro RYBG||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raV19QYmctbWZwZ0U||In this variation, you either lay pieces of paper with the four colors on the ground in front of you, or ideally velcro the colors to your body. Then, as you go through the basic RYBG model, you would rotate the pieces of paper on teh ground or the colors velcro-ed to your body. Additionally, there is the option in this model to add different shapes to the colors. For example, red could be heart-shaped, and blue could be diamond-shaped.|
|Planet Rybg||https://drive.google.com/drive/u/1/folders/0B0C3QCWL53raV01DazRTV2k3ZWs||This variation of RYBG assignes each point on your body (R hip, L hip, R shoulder, L shoulder) a celestial body. Therefore, you have a constant of sun, stars, moon, and earth in those four points, as the red, yellow, blue, green model rotates through normally. This would make the first rotation: Red star, yellow sun, blue moon, green earth. Second rotation would be: blue star, red sun, green moon, yellow earth, etc.|
|red, yellow, blue catch!||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0vL8BofKe8TdVFDRExnQXlEb2s||This is a partner RYBG variation. In this variation, there are seven colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, purple, white. These colors are translated into imaginary balls that the two players pass between each other in a game of catch. At the beginning of the game, one person starts off with four balls, or colors, and the other with three. The person with four balls goes through one rotation, and then at the end, throws the fourth ball/color to the other person, so that it fills in the empty space that he/she has on his/her torso. **It is important to note that that empty space rotates along with the system, rather than staying on a fixed point of the body (i.e. R shoulder). Additionally, in the version executed in the video, the first person does their "R/Y/B/G" by touching points on their body in the normal contra-lateral way, but the second person does their "G/P/O/W" by touching the same points on their body with both hands, in a clockwise circle, starting with their L shoulder.** This process repeats between the two people until they have gone through one complete cycle. Rotation 1 would be: red/yellow/blue/green, toss the green, green/purple/orange/white. Rotation 2 would be: toss the white, blue/red/white/yellow, toss the yellow, yellow/green/purple/orange.... etc.|
|Moving Colors in Space||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raNDU5LTBYV29HdTA||4 people are needed for this RYBG variation. Everyone stands in a square formation, and each person is assigned a color. The starting position is as follow: Red/bottom right, Yellow/Bottom left, Blue/Top Right, Green/ Top Right. When the turn starts, each person yells their color name, always starting with the bottom right. After one round, people move in the square formation clockwise, and the person at the bottom right position starts again.|
|Around the World||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raMmtwNEFCY1FGQWs||A RYGB variation that is a single player game. The two shoulders and two hip bones are different languages, ie. left should is English, right shoulder is Spanish, left hip is German, right hip is French. The player rotates the numbers 1-4 around his/her/their body in a clockwise fashion and the player must say each number in the language associated with the location of the number on the body part associated. The player says whatever number is associated with the body part starting with the left shoulder, then continuing on to the right shoulder, left hip, and finally right hip. To add a layer of difficulty, the player could also have the languages rotate - possibly in a counter-clockwise fashion.|
|Drum Set Beatbox||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raem54VG55NEtiZTA||RYBG replaced with beatboxed sounds for bass, hat, snare, and hat of a drum set; rotates normally|
|Zombie Walk||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53radUV1TlZBek42a2s||"Brains, heart, liver, kidneys" replaces RYBG; movement is changed to raising each arm zombie-style and then walking a step forward. The organs rotate position each time. Zombie-like movement and vocalizations|
|WACH RYGB||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raVXhyVFpwY0VCRms||This variation uses the names of four administartive personal at Kaufman: Anne, Cameo, Wilson, and Heather (WACH). This method would be good for people who struggle to see colors or words, as those would be repalced by faces. Probably suited best for ages 10-16.|
|Dr. Suess RYGB||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raNHZmLUpOVmVwaEU||Uses multidimensional rotations and reorientations on surfaces that require more colors than four, and systems or planes to interact with each other. Best suited for advanced players, ages 18+.|
|YMCA RYBG||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raR3RleGpDWmV0eHc||This variation uses well-known song YMCA and movement, so users can pick up the original version easily. This game is designed for any age group, but obviously people who already know the song will have alarge advantage. It is also a good way to check memorization and orientation skills by changing the direction of the letters in real time, while also mixing up the order. It should be played side-by-side, but for added complications, players can play facing each other.|
|Weight Changer RYBG||https://drive.google.com/open?id=10eu_0t5wWip4W_XlWUcNGpLuTm0Q6HDO||This variation of RYBG is guided by moving the body around shapes (level 1: box; level 2: triangle; level 3: straight line). The body movement encourages a transfer in weight, which then triggers a mental signal of the color change. The variation is designed to build coordination between body movement and memory. The game can be played as a single player where the goal can be enhancing balance or as a dual player set up that can be used for mirroring skills.|
|Laban Box Colors||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raa3NENjJKQWwxc1U||Starts with a short description of Juan's Head, Shoulders, Knees, Toes variation but really focuses on Helen's variation. Standing in the middle of your Laban Box, there four colors on the upper and lower diagonal points in front of your body as well as four colors on the diagonal points behind your body. You can name and rotate the points, the points can switch from behind you to infron to you because of using the side spuare as well, so color groups can mix. all of this can be done from inside the box or out side of the box, as well as on the floor or floating off the ground (in VR)|
|Laban Box Numbers||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raS0F0YmlGamZGOFU||Standing in the Laban Box the points in front of your body are numbered from 1-9 so that numbers 1,4,7 are on the laft side of your body. The 9 numbers on the right side are situated so that 1,4,7 are at the right front diagonal, the numbers 1.4.7 on the left side lie on the back diagonal and 1,4,7 in back of you lie on the back right diagonal. The computer puts out random series of numbers from 1-9 and inbetween I give a directional prompt.|
|Team Clapping||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raZ05nbFZkekpSa2M||2+ people needed for 2 "teams" that clap in opposing sequences to create a rhythmic pattern. Standard pattern is 3 claps up top; 2 middle; 1 low; 2 middle; repeat. After [a number of] standard sequences, one team adds an extra single clap before moving back up to 3 claps; then continues in the standard way until teams converge on the same pattern.|
|Song Lyric Offset||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53racjNLeE9QQ2tSUWs||You are supposed to take a common song line, and then you sing it normally. The second time you put the first word at the end and begin with the second. This pattern continues until it comes back to the beginning. While the melody stays the same, the song lyrics keep shifting.|
|FEET LIKE HANDS!!||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raNVotRE4tNml0Rkk||Using the original RYBG model on the torso, another four points is placed on the floor in a box around you. These new points are also assigned four new, different colors, in which you identify the point with your feet. As all eight points rotate in the same direction, you identify the paired points with your hand and foot simultaneously and say the pair of colors.|
|Zig Zag||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53rad0gwT3lHSm8zTlE||ZIG ZAG is using six colors, red, yellow, brown, blue, green, black, roate and zig zag these colors and also encorporate laban box.|
|Boots and Cats||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53rad0gwT3lHSm8zTlE||BOOTS AND CATS is using different popular percussive sounds and rotating them normally.|
|TMNT RYBG||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0C3QCWL53raWXlySF92WmdNYXM||This exercise follows the phrase "Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtle" and switches the first letter of each word when going clockwise.|
|Please Dont Shoot Me||https://drive.google.com/open?id=1F0gFiqf3ks4EU2HThVFwr7DzeuQv9f31||This exercise has the participant say and remix the sentence please don't shoot me to create the feeling of helpnesses when someone aims a gun at you.|
Further Developed Systems
|Variant Nickname||Video links||Brief Description of the System (What is this System about?)||Systems Instructions|
|Hogwarts Houses||https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0vL8BofKe8TOVBRV2FlemFXbUU||The colors are replaced with familiar media references corresponding to each color. Players memorize with familiar references instead of colors.||The first color of RYBG for each rotation is replaced by the corresponding Hogwarts House (red - Gryffindor, yellow - Hufflepuff, blue - Ravenclaw, green - Slytherin)|
Two people will alternate every rotation mentioning the RYBG sequence. For every turn, the player speaking may change one color. The player wins when the other player says the wrong color
Two people will alternate every rotation mentioning the RYBG sequence. For every turn, the player speaking may change one color. The player wins when the other player says the wrong color
This variation of RYBG utilizes the celestial bodies of the solar system to add an extra level of difficulty and fun! In the easy version, nine players are assigned different planets in the solar system and are challenged to rotate around each other as they call out their planet names. In the intermediate version, four players are assigned different colors and are placed in different quadrants of a square formation. As the group rotates in a clockwise fashion, the players are challenged to remember their color and the quadrant assigned celestial body. In the hard version, the celestial bodies are assigned to the player’s body and the colors rotate on the player’s body.
|RYGB Sign Langauge||https://drive.google.com/open?id=1YOTJRGXa7lAefNr0GpYRQBF7e7Xq-j0T||This variation of RYBG is very similar to the original version, but the movements are performed with the letters for R, Y, G, and B in sign language. The performer should not say anything out loud.|
LEVEL ONE: As this is a very one of the simpler variations on RYBG, this is a great variation to help familiarize the student with the pattern of RYBG which would be:
R, Y, B, G
B, R, G, Y
G, B, Y, R
Y, G, R, B
In addition, the participant would need to learn the ASL letter that correspond with each color. The participant will now perform the RYGB sequence, this time with the inclusion of the ASL letters for the color. They may say the colors out loud while undertaking this version. They participant will not cross the centerline of the body and only be using the right hand to sign the letters. They may verbally express the colors as well.
LEVEL TWO: Level two would now have the participant crossing the centerline, however only using the right hand. This means they would be using the two hip points and two shoulder points, but only crossing the centerline two of the four times. They still may use verbals to help say the pattern out loud.
LEVEL THREE: Level three will consist of the participant now using both the right and left hands to sign and be crossing the centerline every time. Verbal cues are now removed.
|Tactile (Twister) RYGB||https://drive.google.com/open?id=1-_szhj5OkShZLdZagh_Qt3sBnsq9i2tf||This variation of RYBG includes a tactile component in which players interact with visual colored playing cards. Similar to a game like Twister, players must switch up which hand/foot to touch the cards. Difficulty is modified by flipping over a certain number of cards so that the player has to memorize where certain colors are placed.|
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: We will provide a set of 8 playing cards/color cards indicating the colors of the RYGB spectrum (red, yellow, green, blue; orange, purple, brown, pink). These play cards/color cards will be around the player(s) of interest. This game will be played by 2 partners in which one partner lists an iteration of colors. The other partner would have to “touch” those playing cards/color cards in order, respectfully. The tactile component should be performed in by touching these color with the right hand, left hand, right foot, and left foot.
All 8 colors in the circle are face up and visible to the players in the center of the circle
For this variation, only 4 colors in the circle are face up and visible to the player(s) in the center of the circle.
All of the color cards are flipped over so that the player(s) in the center of the circle cannot see them. Once the player touches the color cards, they will be able to check if their guess was correct.
Another potential way to increase the difficulty would be to rotate or swap cards around (after they are flipped) between rounds
|Delayed ABC's||https://drive.google.com/a/usc.edu/file/d/1JyrXl3HAizmHyIU-j1KclsvZ_MsG9nYB/view?usp=sharing||In this variation of RYBG, players do not play as much with the colors as they do with the dance motions. While the hands continue to move in a circular pattern along the body, crossing the hemispheres, the players sing the ABC's. In the first level, the alphabet is delayed to the second count of the melody, adding in the difficulty. The second level incorporates the movement, and the third level adds in the tag at the end of the song: "...now I know my ABC's...". For an even harder challenge, the players can switch up the song to one more difficult; Mary Had A Little Lamb, Row Your Boat, etc. This can be multi-player, or single player.||Stand in a neutral position, knees slightly bent. Begin with the hand motions: right hand to left hip, left hand to right hip, right hand to left shoulder, left hand to right shoulder. Repeat until comfortable. When comfortable, stop hand motions, and try the delayed alphabet. When comfortable with that, try to put the two together.|
|Please Don't Shoot Me---->I Love My Friends||https://youtu.be/pR22RcVqc1E||This specific exercise combines a verbal statement with a corresponding and complimentary physical action. In this case, we combined the phrase “i love my friends” with the act of placing the hands on the hips and stomping the feet in place. This action exudes confidence, and when paired with the verbal phrase, can encourage children to affirm love for others with sincerity and conviction. While the original variation, “please, don’t shoot me”, is certainly valuable teaching kids empathy, we wanted to make a more positive, light-hearted riff in order for the kids to feel comfortable and safe. That said, this game can encompass a variety of statements and actions so long as the 'acting' can enable children to embody and empathize with specific experiences. This exercise can also help children 'rehearse' phrases they would like to master expressing if they struggle with conveying their thoughts with the proper emotion or with adequate confidence.||LEVEL 1: repeat the sequence of placing R hand to R hip, placing L hand to L hip, stomping the R foot, and stomping the L foot till comfortable. LEVEL 2: combine movement with the phrase "i love my friends", where "i" -> right hand, "love" -> left hand, "my" -> right foot, and "friends" -> left foot. LEVEL 3: rotate the words while keeping the same physical motion as is demonstrated in the original rybg variation. (a visual aid may be used). LEVEL 4: for added difficulty, place emphasis on the second word of each rotation.|
|Singing RYBG||https://drive.google.com/drive/u/1/folders/0B0C3QCWL53raTEVaejJiNl9qMEE||Our version of the RYBG system involves teaching distinction of notes and basic singing/humming skills. Participants ultimately assign a note to each color and complete the rotation with notes to create a song.||The more advanced step will introduce color back into the system, assigning a color to be represented by each note. The first rotation will be: left hand to right hip, D note, Red; right hand to left hip, F note, Yellow; left hand to right shoulder, C note, Blue; right hand to left shoulder, E note, Green. This system will also rotate.|