HAVC 135B : German Art 1905-1945



The Kulturkampf (cultural struggle) consisted of a series of Prussian and imperial legislative actions directed against Catholic schools and clergy in force from 1871 to 1887. These actions were part of the European-wide effort led by liberals and nationalists to consolidate national authority against outside influences and minorities perceived to be inimical to the unity of the new nation-state.

Definition adapted from Art for All, Beth Irwin Lewis, p 41

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