USM Open Source History Text: The World at War: World History 1914-1945Main MenuIntroduction: A Mural as WindowOn Diego Rivera's Detroit IndustryThe World Around 1914, Part I: the Journey of Young GandhiThe World Around 1914, Part II: The Era of Nationalism and Imperialism (1848-1914)The First World WarThe Long Russian Revolution (1917 – 1929)The Decline of the West? Europe from 1919 – 1929A New Middle East: The Rise of the Middle East State SystemChina Between Qing Collapse and WWIILatin America Between Boom and Bust (1911-1929)Africa Under Colonial Rule: Politics and Race from 1914‐1939The United States from The First World War to the Great DepressionThe Great DepressionThree Varieties of Radicalism in the 1930s: Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and Imperial JapanThree Responses to Modernity: Ho Chi Minh, Ibn Saud, and Getulio VargasThe Second World WarSeth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c
The Rise of Getulio Vargas
12017-07-17T22:28:08-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c192371plain2017-07-17T22:28:08-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c1930 was a presidential election year in Brazil and pitted a candidate from the dominant coffee-interest against the governor of the non-coffee producing region of Rio Grande do Sul, Getulio Vargas. Vargas had everything on his side – except the power to manipulate the election. Vargas lost to the coffee candidate, who represented the interests that had controlled Brazilian politics for decades. Instead, Vargas turned to the army for support and with its help overthrew the elected president, thus bringing about the “Revolution of 1930” in Brazil. From 1930 to 1937, Vargas retained power by skillfully managing the conflicting interests within his coalition. Throughout this period, he operated at least nominally under the authority of the country’s constitution. Challenges, however, began to mount -- from ultra-nationalists on the one hand who began to imitate fascist-style politics they heard about in Italy and Germany, and from the rising power on the left – the communist Alliance for National Liberation (ANL).