USM Open Source History Text: The World at War: World History 1914-1945Main MenuIntroduction: A Mural as WindowOn Diego Rivera's Detroit IndustryThe World Around 1914, Part I: the Journey of Young GandhiThe World Around 1914, Part II: The Era of Nationalism and Imperialism (1848-1914)The First World WarThe Long Russian Revolution (1917 – 1929)The Decline of the West? Europe from 1919 – 1929A New Middle East: The Rise of the Middle East State SystemChina Between Qing Collapse and WWIILatin America Between Boom and Bust (1911-1929)Africa Under Colonial Rule: Politics and Race from 1914‐1939The United States from The First World War to the Great DepressionThe Great DepressionThree Varieties of Radicalism in the 1930s: Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and Imperial JapanThree Responses to Modernity: Ho Chi Minh, Ibn Saud, and Getulio VargasThe Second World WarSeth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c
The European War
12017-07-17T22:47:23-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c192372plain2017-09-20T02:41:45-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cBeginning with the Nazis’ attack on Poland in September, 1939, the war in Europe can be broken down into three distinctive phases. The first phase lasted from the fall of 1939 until the spring of 1941 and consisted of Germany’s assertion of domination over the whole of the European continent through a series of Blitzkrieg attacks on Poland, Holland, Belgium, and France and preparations for an assault on England following a massive campaign of aerial bombing of the island. This first phase was conducted under the protective insurance of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. The second phase of the European War began with Hitler’s violation of the agreement with Stalin and the Nazis’ full-scale invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. This invasion, which resulted in the largest war in human history, was to be the culmination of the Nazi imperial policy and the necessary precondition to Germany’s radical plan of transforming the “East” in its racist and hierarchical vision of the future. The third phase of the war began in June of 1944 with the re-opening of the Western front in France through the allied invasion of Normandy. One can see quite clearly by this division into phases (and certainly different historians would divide it differently) that the preponderance of warfare occurred on the Russian front. From June 1941 to June 1944 the Red Army essentially battled the Nazis alone.
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12017-07-17T22:41:29-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929cThe Second World WarSeth Rogoff3splash2017-08-22T02:17:36-07:00Seth Rogoff5f001fc099cd635507b143be056702764af6929c
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12017-09-20T02:40:52-07:00Map of Generalplan Ost Master Plan1LEGEND: Dark grey – Germany (Deutsches Reich). Dotted black line – the extension of a detailed plan of the "second phase of settlement" (zweiten Siedlungsphase). Light grey – planned territorial scope of the Reichskommissariat administrative units; their names in blue are Ostland (1941-1945), Ukraine (1941-1944), Moskowien (never realized), and Kaukasien (never realized). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalplan_Ost#/media/File:Generalplan_Ost_map.tiffplain2017-09-20T02:40:52-07:00