"perpetual and binding forever"
Race and the Creation of a
Los Angeles Subdivision



Grenier, Gillingham, & Gillingham, Robert C. (1987). California legacy: the James Alexander Watson--María Dolores Domínguez de Watson family, 1820-1980. Watson Land Co.

Rothstein, R. (2018). The color of law: a forgotten history of how our government segregated America (First edition). Liveright Publishing  Corporation, a division of W.W. Norton & Company.

Shroder, M. (2012). “Redlining” In A.T. Carswell, (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Housing, Second Edition: Vol.2 (pp. 586–588). SAGE Publications, Inc

United States
. Federal Housing Administration. (1936) Underwriting manual: underwriting analysis under title II, section 203 of the National housing act. Washingtonhttps://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015018409261

United States
. Federal Housing Administration. (1938) Underwriting manual: underwriting analysis under title II, section 203 of the National housing act. Washington. https://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015018409246

United States
. Federal Housing Administration. (1937). Subdivision standards for the insurance of mortgages on properties located in undeveloped subdivisions: Title II of the National Housing Act. Rev. Washington, D.C.: Federal Housing Administration.


Kimble, J. (2007). Insuring Inequality: The Role of the Federal Housing Administration in the Urban Ghettoization of African Americans. Law & Social Inquiry, 32(2), 399-434. Retrieved February 3, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20108708

Whittemore, A. H. (2013). How the Federal Government Zoned America. Journal of Urban History, 39(4), 620–642. Retrieved February 3, 2021 from https://doi.org/10.1177/0096144212470245


Nelson, R.K., Winling, L., Marciano, R., Connolly, N., et al. “Mapping Inequality,” in R. K. Nelson and E. L. Ayers (Eds.) American Panoramahttps://dsl.richmond.edu/panorama/redlining/

Weiss, J., “Cheviot Knolls” in Cheviot Hills History, https://cheviothillshistory.org/cheviot-knolls.


Crist, K. (1939, Apr 16). Well-planned subdivisions protect home investors. Los Angeles Times (1923-1995) Retrieved from  http://libproxy.csudh.edu/login?url=https://www-proquest-com.libproxy.csudh.edu/historical-newspapers/well-planned-subdivisions-protect-home-investors/docview/164944114/se-2?accountid=10347

Display ad 49 -- no title. (1939, Mar 19). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995) Retrieved from

Display ad 53 -- no title. (1939, Mar 26). Los Angeles Times (1923-1995) Retrieved from


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