Beyond the Boundaries of Fantasia: An ancient imagining of the future of leadership

Step Five: How manly does a female leader have to be? (1:00)

The Greek word for “courage” is ἀνδρεία (andreia), created from the stem of the word for “man”, ἀνδρ- (andr-), and an ending that makes an abstract noun. In other words, courage to the Greeks is the essence of manliness. The same point stands in the Latin language, too, where virtus (courage, virtue) is related to vir (man). Is courage, a hallmark trait of a leader, something inaccessible to women? Do women need to become “manly” in order to be courageous or virtuous? Is the virtue of men and women one and the same because it is always defined in masculine terms?

Listening for Leadership

Possible Group Activity

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