Reading Nature, Observing Science: Examining Material Practices in the Lick Observatory Archives and Kenneth S. Norris PapersMain MenuIntroduction to the Lick Observatory ArchivesThe Lick Observatory: Imaging the CosmosThe Lick Observatory: Eclipse ExpeditionsEclipse Intro page (first in a path)Introduction to Kenneth S. Norris PapersKenneth S. Norris Papers: Natural History in PracticeKenneth S. Norris Papers: Pedagogy and ConservationConnections: In Relation to NatureThese images demonstrate the different constructions of nature in the two archivesConnections: Materials of ObservationVisualization of the ConnectionsVisualizes the connections between all the contentReading Nature, Observing ScienceCaptions and information for the cases of objects on display at UCSC Special CollectionsAlex Moore6cd84a9f7efd71803c15562e48a509db9e0bb5a6Christine Turkb279a3dcf419860f915007f04f08e6fc0f8662ceDanielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
Case 2: Natural History
12016-06-07T00:06:22-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e918411gallery2016-06-07T16:02:31-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08eKen Norris's extensive research, which ranged from marine mammal research to desert ecology, was centered on the larger field of natural history. In many ways, natural history was what brought Norris's diverse areas of study together. Norris was in fact a professor of natural history at UC Santa Cruz's Environmental Studies Department, where he created the popular Natural History Field Quarter. In his book The Hawaiian Spinner Dolphin (1994), which Norris co-authored with Bernd Würsig, Randall S. Wells, and Melany Würsig, he clearly defines what it means to do natural history work. Norris writes, "What we did [in The Hawaiian Spinner Dolphin] is what I call natural history. That is, we attempted to look at a single species from as many viewpoints as we could to contrive to understand what the totality of the dolphin's life is really like" (3). Norris thus defines natural history as a material practice of observation, one which entails using different methods of viewing in order to gain as much knowledge as possible about a particular species and its interactions with the natural world.
In his studies of cetaceans (dolphins and whales) and herpetology (reptiles and amphibians), Norris applied this practice of natural history, utilizing a wide array of observational methods and tools, such as underwater photography, glass slides, field notes, journal entries, sketches, diagrams, aerial observation logs, sonographs and audiotapes, as well as direct interactions with the natural world. These varied material practices lead us to question how different modes of observation influence the field of natural history and its production of knowledge. In other words, how are natural history knowledge formations shaped by Norris's layered practices of observation?
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12016-05-29T23:58:27-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08eK. Norris - Laysan Island, Hawai'i, 19712Norris typewriting field notes during a research trip to Laysan Island, Hawai'i in 1971.media/UA66_Bx67_Laysan Island (1971).jpgplain2016-06-07T12:59:40-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
12016-05-30T17:29:12-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08ePhotograph of two Hawaiian spinner dolphins, undated5media/UA66_Bx6_Research Photographs (undated).jpgplain2016-06-07T10:52:44-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
12016-06-03T16:18:11-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e1949-1950 Species Accounts, Norris5Bound journal of Norris's species accounts from 1949 to 1950. The displayed page shows a species account and drawing of Callisaurus draconoides, a zebra-tailed lizard.media/UA66_Bx36_1949-1950 Species Accounts.JPGplain2016-06-07T14:05:12-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
12016-05-11T22:18:02-07:00Craig Dietrich2d66800a3e5a1eaee3a9ca2f91f391c8a6893490The Oceanic Institute KSN 68-3, Norris, Santa Catalina Island, 19685Norris’s field notes about a school of dolphins spotted in the waters off of Santa Catalina Island with a corresponding sketch.media/UA66/UA66_Bx2_Field Notes Oceanic Institute.jpgplain2016-06-07T10:56:06-07:00Danielle Crawford22ce6a14f83c9ff73c3545a665951a092258f08e
This page references:
12016-06-03T16:18:11-07:001949-1950 Species Accounts, Norris5Bound journal of Norris's species accounts from 1949 to 1950. The displayed page shows a species account and drawing of Callisaurus draconoides, a zebra-tailed lizard.media/UA66_Bx36_1949-1950 Species Accounts.JPGplain2016-06-07T14:05:12-07:00
12016-05-29T23:58:27-07:00K. Norris - Laysan Island, Hawai'i, 19712Norris typewriting field notes during a research trip to Laysan Island, Hawai'i in 1971.media/UA66_Bx67_Laysan Island (1971).jpgplain2016-06-07T12:59:40-07:00