Many students are afraid of plagiarism. They don't know exactly what plagiarism is, and so they also have no idea how to avoid plagiarism.
First of all: is a violation of copyright and is therefore sanctioned. So plagiarism is not a trivial offense. As a rule, one speaks of plagiarism if a third-party work is wholly or partially issued as a separate work.
Very few students plagiarize out of bad faith. Plagiarism is mostly the result of ignorance. More on that in a moment.
What exactly is plagiarism?It is a matter of plagiarism if
- someone else, e.g. a ghostwriter, will write your work.
- You take text passages literally from the literature and do not prove it.
- You reflect the thoughts or results of others in your text and do not provide evidence.
- You take on the construction of someone else's work and do not make that clear.
Why do students plagiarize?Students plagiarize because they ...
- do not know when to put a receipt and what exactly it should look like.
- want to “hide” behind the words of an author, ie not dare to formulate independently.
- They are not actually able to paraphrase the content properly,(use to avoid this).
- have not yet understood what it means to deal independently and critically with a topic (“What else should I write, everything is already in the literature?”).
- write according to the copy-and-paste principle.
- often write under extreme time pressure.
How can you avoid plagiarism?
- Keep in mind that you have to prove where you got foreign knowledge in your work. You do not need to prove that you only have general knowledge (including subject-specific knowledge).
- Use online tools: You can and you should always use online plagiarism checker after completing your draft, a handy will help you in this regard. With this tool you can also learn how to paraphrase effectively.
- Take a close look at your citation rules. Reading them is usually a boring affair, but you cannot write a solid university paper without a thorough understanding of the rules. If you're not sure how to cite, there are a few technical articles from the citation point of view to consider. Check out where the author quotes. What does it prove and what may not?
- And above all: have the courage to express your expertise in your own words! Do not work with sentence modules from the literature you read.