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Shalimar Bagh of Kashmir

The Heaven on Earth

Natallia Savitskaya, Author

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Structure of Shalimar Bagh

Pravarsena II in first and second centuries A.D., founder of the city of Srinagar, built a villa at the far end of the Dal Lake in 1st-2nd century A.D. and called it "Shalimar", which in Sanskrit means "The Abode of Love". In 1619, Emperor Jahangirr, out of his fondness of Kashmir, used the old site to commission a garden.

Let us look at the structure of the Shalimar Bagh now.

The garden is divided into three sections: starting from the bottom the Public Garden, then the Emperor's Garden and at the top the Ladies Garden. Click on the annotations on the plan itself to discover what Constance Villiers-Stuart has to say about the structure of the garden in her most important work Gardens of the Mughals

The Public Garden, or Diwan-i-Am, is where the Emperor held public audiences - Darshan. 

The Emperor's garden and Ladies garden were both reserved for private use, separated by thick masonry wall with gates. 

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