Marvels of Materials: Authored by Doug Braun, Binghamton UniversityMain MenuMarvels of Materials: Trade and Materiality in Ancient EgyptA virtual exhibition designed by Doug Braun (Binghamton University, class of 2020)Marvels of Materials, by Doug Braun (Binghamton University)Distribution of raw materials and finished goods in the second millennium BCEThe Voyage to Punt Relief: Trading in Ancient EgyptTravertineLimestoneEgyptian blueCobaltIvoryAuthored by Doug Braun, Binghamton UniversityWoodMeet the Author: Doug BraunHilary Becker8acde8ddd866de3e1500ef02591b1ae693bb7788Written by Doug Braun, Binghamton University
Egyptian faience is a vitreous ceramic coating that was first developed in the fifth millennium BCE. Egyptian faience was made by heating crushed quartz or sand, lime, and natron or plant ash. Copper was also added to this mixture to obtain the bright turquoise color visible on these shawabtis, amulets, and beads. However, objects were often colored white with faience as well, which can be seen on some of the amulets here. White coloring was made simply by omitting any colorant to the faience during its manufacture. Many materials used to create faience were locally sourced within Egypt, and faience production flourished within Egypt. Colorants such as iron oxide for yellow, cobalt for deep blue, and manganese for purple were all supplied locally. However, these colors were much less common than blue or green. The only non-native material used for faience was the copper used to make faience blue or green, which was sourced from around the Mediterranean basin, from places such as Cyprus, Asia Minor, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Aegean Sea. Faience became a popular material for the production of amulets, figurines, vessels, and architectural materials from the Predynastic period through the Roman conquest millennia later.
1media/IMG_0495_thumb.jpg2020-04-15T13:37:48-07:00Faience necklace2Egyptian Beads, Neckalce. Egyptian Faience Gift of Charles Semowich ‘70 2006.88. (Photo by Hilary Becker)media/IMG_0495.jpgplain2020-04-15T18:54:16-07:00155501202001302020013015550142.088816666667,-75.96785