Apart from the above activities, dams are also highly involved in the hydroelectric power generation and river navigation purposes. Moreover, people who have their shelters nearby dams make extensive use of dams for daily activities. Daily activities include drinking water, cooking, washing clothes, bathing, and gardening and cultivation tasks.
The enormous Dams in India and water reservoirs are used for recreational purposes like fishing, boating or sightseeing. During excess flow of waters, the dams in India store water in their reservoirs and they release the water later on when the water flow is extremely low. The designers of dams in India are keen to design it in such a way that these accomplish every purpose.
Advantages of Dams in India:
Image by Bishnu Sarangi from Pixabay
There are innumerable benefits of dams in India, so there involves a lot of money to create, construct and maintain them well. Some of the advantages accomplished are:
- Wide electricity is generated at the constant rate with extensive help of hydroelectric power project or hydroelectricity.
- If there seems no need of electricity at the moment, the sluice gates are shut down and the generation of electricity is also stopped. Likewise, enormous amount of water is saved and can be utilized for a number of other purposes.
- Dams in India are so well designed and maintained by the qualified engineers that dams continue to generate electricity for a number of decades.
- The electricity produced by the dams is natural as it does not even produce greenhouse or factory gases hazardous for the environment.
- Dams in India have water build-up. It simply means the energy can be stored whenever there arise a need or released quickly.
Water resources in our nation are gradually decreasing along with its quality. This is because we have a fluctuate amount of rainfall every year and at every place. Also, proper rainfall occurs only for 2.5 to 3 months. Under such circumstances, Dams and other water reservoirs are majorly used.
As per the statistical research and computation reports, India has only 16% of average annual water flow while there is only 38% of water available to use in our daily lives.
As you know, Indian economy is majorly dominated by the agriculture and farming activities. In this case, irrigation, hydro-electricity and power have provided Indians to be self-depended to produce food and generate opportunities. But India’s ever increasing population is a kind of threat in several aspects. The ever increasing population results in ever increasing demand for food and extensive water. So, with the current rain water preservation, it is challenging to fulfil demand for water. Hence, largest dams in India like Hirakud dam, Bhakra Nangal Dam, Tehri Dam, and more are used for storing water.
Here are the situations where our dams play a major role to keep the demand fulfilled.