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American Indian Film Gallery

Cultures of Apache tribes and Hopi tribes

Emalie Schaefer, Author
Apache Cooking, page 1 of 1
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Hopi Cooking

The Hopi obtained their food through agriculture, hunting and gathering, but they were primarily farmers. Some of the crops were dried and stored for use during the winter and in case of crop failure in the coming year. Traditional Hopi foods include: Corn, squash, beans, onions, pumpkins, sunflowers, Bee balm – used for seasoning, Cinchweed – used for seasoning, Cactus fruits, Wild potatoes, Wild greens, Piñon nuts. The men were hunters of the tribe and would provide their families with what ever meat they could find. The meat diet included rabbits, deer, prairie dog, and quail. Corn was and is still of great importance to the Hopi.  In ancient times it provided a stable, nutritious food supply. The Hopi are known for their “piki” bread which is made of a thin blue corn flour gruel cooked into paper-thin sheets. Piki bread is made on a large slab of rock that has been treated with piñon gum to give it a smooth surface. The slab is heated over a fire and the blue corn gruel is spread on the rock to cook.  Not only does corn play an important role in the Hopi diet, it also plays an important role in their religion. They usually eat it by itself or dip it into soup.

This video, titled The Hopi Indian discusses Hopi agriculture, it starts 1:56 into the video and ends at 5:31. The video is provided by the American Indian Film Gallery. (The Hopi Indian.Video. American Indian Film, Medium.)

Miracle on the Mesa, is another video provided by the American Indian Film Gallery, that offers insight to the Hopi's cultivating the land. (Shilin, Alan. Miracle on the Mesa. Video. American Indian Film Gallery. 1950, Medium.)


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