Sami Indigeneity in Sweden : A Struggle for Rights and Recognition

Swedish Policies and Legislation

The Sami people originally come from a region called Sápmi. It encompasses Parts of Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Western Russia. Over time, as conflicts and decisions were made over national lines, farming, and other industries, Sweden has passed policies regarding the Sami people, more specifically: reindeer husbandry. These policies are attempts at balancing reindeer husbandry with other forms of farming, restricting migration across national borders, promoting the state standards for efficiency, and other forms of manipulation of Sami reindeer herding traditions and Sami culture. These policies heavily influence land rights through defining Sami identity and restricting self-determination. For example, defining Sami as exclusively nomadic gave the state the ability to relocate them and remove land ownership (Lantto 2014) (Lantto & Mörkenstam 2008).

Definitions of Sami Identity Based on Governmental Policies and Actions

  1. The "Ideal Sami": A reindeer herding, nomadic Sami.
  2. Someone whose father and/or grandfather was a reindeer herder
  3. Someone whose parents and/or grandparents were reindeer herders.
  4. Sami who practice reindeer herding as a full-time profession
Map of Sami lands in Sweden (Nordiska Museet 2007):

 

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This page references:

  1. The Reindeer Herding Acts and their definitions of Sami identity/Qualifications
  2. Definitions of Sami based on the Reindeer Herding Acts
  3. Reindeer Husbandry as Sami identity
  4. Map of Sami Influenced Cities
  5. Government Definition 1: The "ideal" Sami